Bokoplavas for winter fishing
Today the fishing market offers a wide range of ice fishing lures. These are jigs, balance weights, cones, spinners of various shapes, colors and sizes. Among all this variety, amphipods stand out, which are especially popular with winter fishing enthusiasts.
Such a bait appeared a long time ago, more than 30 years ago. During this time, she experienced both ups and downs, the interest of the fishing brothers in her either increased or faded, and now she has a second wind. Practice has shown that the amphipod is able not only to compete on equal terms with modern spoons and balancers, but also to surpass them in catching power in certain water bodies. Therefore, it is not surprising that amphipods for winter fishing are in the arsenal of almost every winter angler.
Bokoplav – what is it?
For those who prefer to fish exclusively in warm and comfortable seasons, the name “amphipod” is associated with a freshwater miniature crustacean, which is often used as bait. The winter bait amphipod has nothing to do with it, outwardly it looks like a small fish. They called it that because of the broken symmetry of the body (lateral tilt) and the wide game, which allows you to fish a large area under the hole. The most successful models, moving sideways in the water column, pass a circle with a radius of up to one meter.
In the classic version, the amphipod is an artificial fish weighing up to 20 g, 4 to 6 cm long with a soldered tee in the tail. Its main distinguishing feature is the bulge of one of the sides, because of which the bait floats, slightly tilted on its side. For more attractiveness, the tail is decorated with a wool tassel. The hook is increased with a tee on the belly, but the extra hook can negatively affect the game, which is why many anglers refuse it.
Bokoplavs are made from the same metals and alloys as most other winter lures. This, for example, can be lead or tin. Heavier models are used in severe depths and strong currents, while lighter models are used in calm shallow waters. In addition, depending on the size, mass and color, there are amphipods for perch fishing, for hunting zander or purposeful pike fishing.
This bait does not have a clear classification, all divisions are conditional. There are cast and brazed products equipped with a single hook or triple hook. As for the color, for example, amphipods for winter fishing for pike-perch are usually silver-colored fish, most similar to the prototype.
What kind of predators can you catch?
Bokoplav is also used in summer (from a bridge or a boat), but still it is a winter bait designed for angling predatory fish using the vertical lure method. Sometimes it comes across peaceful inhabitants of rez and lakes, such as bream or carp. He takes a good perch, which greedily grabs an artificial fish and swallows it deeply, which creates certain problems when removing the hook. If you fish without a special leash, the pike, as luck would have it, cuts off the bait. The amphipod works great for winter fishing for pike perch, ignoring spinners, balancers and rattlins. Fanged often attacks from the side of the head, so there are often unsuccessful bites, but this only increases the excitement and desire to catch him.
If a bersh lives on a reservoir, it will definitely be by-catch. In winter, this predator feeds mainly on dormant or weakened fry, which are realistically imitated by the amphipod on slow retrieving.
Another representative of the aquatic fauna interested in bait is the gluttonous rotan. Moreover, there are mostly decent individuals who have reached the age when small fish begin to prevail in the diet.
Tackle and rigging for ice fishing
For amphibious fishing, you need to assemble a set consisting of simple elements:
- Rod… Usually it is a rod up to 60 cm long with a hard or soft whip. If the product is straight, then it is better to choose a model with a rough tip. Some fishermen prefer to fish with a rod with a curved curved handle, which allows you to make high-quality sweeping with a brush movement. In this case, it is desirable that the tip is soft.
- Coil… An indispensable element of the tackle, especially in deep waters, where a large supply of fishing line is required. Actually, line storage is its main function.
- Monofilament… Anything can happen on winter fishing. It can take a very large predator, which will have to be “worn out”, that is, let it go and gently pull it up. Therefore, such a supply of line is necessary so that the reel is at least three-quarters full. The diameter is selected depending on the size of the intended production, the best option is 0.18-0.20 mm.
- Leash… It is only necessary if there is an increased concentration of pike in the reservoir. The leashes are made of metal, from a special leash material or fluorocarbon, at least 15 cm long.
As you can see, a fishing rod for fishing with amphibians is no different from tackle for fishing perch or pike-perch with spinners, brawlers, balancers and winter wobblers.
How to tie the amphipod?
There are several ways of mounting the amphibian on the main line, but regardless of the chosen one, it is important to observe one rule: the bait must be fixed with the convex side up. If you put it the other way around, it will radically change the game. When thrown up, it will abruptly go to the side, and when it falls, it will tremble finely, which is unlikely to please the predator.
Let’s consider two of the most common installations.
In the first version, the line is pulled through a special hole in the body. A bead is attached to it at a certain distance from the end, which protects the knot from blows. Then it remains only to tie the tee. This design is suitable for perch, bersh and pike perch.
The second option involves the use of a pike leash for purposeful catching of a toothed predator or fishing in water bodies where bites are possible. A metal or fluorocarbon leash is pulled into the same hole. From the first, you first need to remove the carbine from it by untwisting the twist at the end, instead of which a triple hook is placed. The opposite end connects to the main line through a swivel.
As with any other fishing, it all starts with the search for predator sites. According to the first ice, the most promising areas are river bends and places of confluence of smaller waterways. A large number of bites can be presented by channel edges, drops, exits from holes, snags located at different depths. Pike and perch often go out to feed in the coastal zone, where they ambush fry among the remains of plants. In the middle of winter, when the so-called deafness sets in, predators prefer to stay in oxygen-saturated water – at great depths with the current, and closer to spring they return to the shore again, chasing the linen.
On an unknown reservoir, such a useful device as an echo sounder will help to find fish places. Without an electronic assistant, you will have to drill dozens of holes in order to find promising irregularities in the bottom. To catch one hole, 10-12 posts are enough, if the predator does not respond, you should not linger on it, you can move on to the next.
It has long been known that the feeding times of different carnivorous species may not coincide. Pike and bersh, for example, prefer to feed at dawn. The perch is active during the daytime. By the way, a toothy one can come out again at noon. Well, the second half of the day, especially the last hours before sunset, is the best time to catch walleye. Consider this when planning a fishing trip.
There are several techniques for playing with this lure, from balancing with tosses and pauses to jorms, which involves a smooth swing, but the following wiring works most effectively:
- the bait drops to the bottom and rises to a height of 15 cm;
- further follows a smooth rise to a height of about half a meter above the bottom surface;
- then the amphipod drops sharply to the starting point;
- after an 8-second pause, the manipulations are repeated.
Anglers call this technique “8×8”. The first eight is an 8 second pause, and the second is the number of repetitions. If the fish has not shown itself in any way on eight lines, there is no point in continuing to fish the hole. Well, if it bites, then the place has been chosen correctly and you should not rush to leave. When the working hole “stops talking”, at a distance of 2-3 meters from it, others drill to find a predator that has shifted to the side. When playing with a side grouse, it is necessary to carefully observe the tip of the rod and the line, because even a pike bite is not always a powerful blow. During periods of low activity, a barely noticeable nod or raising of a whip may signal the contact of a predator with a bait.
How to make a do-it-yourself amphibian for winter fishing?
To make a DIY amphibian at home, you will need the following materials:
- sheet copper, stainless steel, lead or brass;
- some goat hair;
- soldering acid;
A workpiece of the desired size is cut from sheet metal, which must be given a slightly convex shape. Next comes the soldering iron. With this tool, solder is applied to the concave side of the workpiece using the hardfacing method. At the same stage, the hook is installed (soldered). The solder should be aligned to the edges of the plate. If it protrudes, it does not matter, the excess can be grinded off with a file. Further, the homemade amphipod is processed with a file and fine-grained sandpaper. It is important that it does not have cracks, burrs or other flaws that could cut the line.
The bait is almost ready. It remains only to fix the woolen plumage on the tee, determine the center of gravity, drill a hole up to 2 mm in diameter and test it in water.
The product can be polished to a shine or painted with a waterproof paint, making it look like a particular food fish. The amphipods, which have drawn eyes, work great. It is recommended to insert a PVC tube into the hole to protect the line from possible damage.
Of course, the result largely depends on the quality of the bait, but it should be understood that the amphipod is not a magic wand, it does not catch itself. The components of successful fishing will be correctly selected tackle elements, accurate location of the fishing object and competent wiring.