Fishing for bream in the spring on a feeder
In anticipation of the long-awaited open water fishing, breammen are among the first to put their gear on alert. Fishing for bream in spring begins as soon as the reservoirs open. At first, its bite is unstable and many anglers are often left with nothing, but as the temperature rises, this fish’s appetite improves.
The closer to spawning, the better the bream will bite. This is the notorious pre-spawning food. It should be noted that the biting does not stop throughout the entire spawning period, since individuals of different sizes spawn at different times. Conventionally, spawning of bream can be divided into three stages. When birch buds bloom, a trifle leaves for spawning grounds, medium bream spawns along with the flowering of bird cherry, and large specimens spawn when an ear begins to form in cereal crops.
Bream is one of the most fearful river inhabitants. In transparent spring water, this property is doubly manifested. It’s a waste of time trying to catch him in March or April with a swing rod from the shore. If you manage to catch a couple of small goats, then only by accident. Feeder tackle is another matter, with the help of which you can get a real “bast shoe”, as this fish is called in some regions. In general, fishing for bream in the spring with a feeder on the river has become a rather popular type of fishing today. With the catches, everyone who is at least a little familiar with the peculiarities of his behavior at this time of the year, food preferences and places of deployment return home.
Spring habits of bream
With the arrival of the first heat, the object of fishing comes out of the wintering pits and moves closer to the shore, to areas near the channel, where the depth does not exceed 4-5 meters, and the bottom is dotted with irregularities. Why are they attractive? The stream brings here a lot of food, washed away by the flood, there is more oxygen and a better temperature regime, which is provided by running water, mixing with warm shallow water. Breams actively migrate to such places, periodically visiting the same points. The flock seems to be patrolling their possessions.
Since it is almost impossible to guess the routes of these migrations, fishermen have to focus solely on the nature of the bottom and fish where bream stop to feed. Usually these are rather deep areas with a relief bottom surface consisting of edges, depressions, hollows, grooves and other depressions. The flock can also linger in quiet, not overgrown with vegetation pools that form under steep banks. As a rule, such places have one common characteristic – the presence of a hard silty-sandy or clay bottom.
Most of the time bream spends in the bottom horizons. In the dark in good weather conditions, they can rise closer to the surface, but most often they do not react to the lures of anglers. This fish is not used to eating in the upper layers, its favorite food is in the bottom soil. Her diet is based on insects, larvae, worms, molluscs and small crustaceans. In spring, especially early, when there are not so many living creatures, the menu is supplemented with plant remains. In addition, periodic catching of large bream with spinning lures gives every reason to believe that adults tend to become like predators and eat fry (eggs) of other species.
As mentioned above, the instinctive caution of this fish is simply off scale. This can be seen by observing the spring bites when fishing with a feeder. Small tremors of the quivertip and barely noticeable tremors indicate that the bream is interested in the bait, but is in no hurry to swallow it. Novice feederists often get lost in such situations, nervously grab the rod handle and make a premature hook. Others, on the contrary, do not dare to hook. And rightly so, because if the fish did not swallow the bait, but only “twirls” it in the lips, then an early hooking will not only lead to a descent, but also to the fact that the frightened flock will leave the fed point.
The most effective tool for catching bream in the spring has always been and remains the feeder, including in the spring. This is a bottom tackle, and bream prefers to stay at the bottom. The feeder allows you to fish pointwise, reaching most of the promising places in the pond. A variety of feeder rigs makes it possible to choose the best option for certain fishing conditions. It is impossible not to mention their high sensitivity, thanks to which the angler sees delicate bites from bream.
To catch bream in the spring on a feeder, there is no need to redo the summer tackle, its equipment remains the same. The length of the rod depends on the fishing distance: 2.7-3 m for small bodies of water, 3-4 m for wide rivers. Spinning reel with friction brake, maximally balanced with blank. Experienced fishermen recommend choosing a reel according to a simplified scheme:
|Rod length||Spool size|
|up to 3.3 meters||2000-2500|
|up to 3.9 meters||3000-3500|
|over 4 meters||4000-4500|
The main line is a monofilament thread with a diameter of 0.25 mm, the cord is almost never used in the spring for one simple reason: it collects all the debris carried by large water. The leashes should be slightly thinner – 0.16-0.18 mm. Some feeder fishing enthusiasts manage to fish out decent bream with a lead of 0.12 mm, many years of experience help them in this. The hooks are used the same as in the middle of the season. They are selected under the nozzle: for a bloodworm – small and thin, for a worm a little more, made of thicker wire.
Feeders are a separate topic. This piece of equipment must lie motionless on the bottom, regardless of the strength of the current, otherwise its “dance” will scare away cowardly fish. The problem is eliminated by choosing the correct weight and shape of the feeder (rectangular ones have the best stability). If the arsenal did not have the right one, many fishermen modify the existing feeders directly on the pond: they load them with spinning weights, install wire whiskers on the sides to rest against the ground, or come up with something else. In extreme cases, you can change the place of fishing by going to a quieter area.
As for the rigs, it all depends on your own preferences. Equally effective are the classic options – paternoster, inline, symmetrical loop. A helicopter with two nodes does not lag behind them. The only rigging that raises some doubts is the installation with an anti-twist tube designed to combat overlaps. The fact is that under the influence of water flow, a light plastic tube can tremble and thereby frighten bream.
When fishing for bream in the spring on a feeder on the river, long leashes are used, not less than 70 cm. The current along the entire length of the leash will remove the hook with the bait from the rig, and the fish will not see its movement at the first careful pulls.
Spring Bream Fishing Tips
Bream loves to eat tightly. In summer, he is tempted by both animal and plant baits, but at the beginning of the season, it is not so simple. After a long hungry winter, his exhausted body requires protein, makes him eat exclusively live food. It is not surprising that in early spring it can be successfully caught with bloodworms, maggots, caddis flies or red worms, but not peas. It should also be borne in mind that in different bodies of water this fish has its own taste preferences, which can vary. This is especially evident in the spring. Therefore, to go fishing with one type of bait means to play the lottery, the winning in which depends on the mood of the target.
What to do when the bream refuses all the proposed baits? If separately maggots, worms and other animals are not interesting to him, then it is worth trying to combine them in one bait. For example, two bloodworms and two maggots. Red larvae will attract with their appetizing appearance and smell, and white ones – with high activity.
As the water temperature rises, bream increasingly begins to try plant baits, and just before spawning, it is already well caught on them. Now pearl barley, corn, dough, semolina talker, various mastic with “secret” ingredients are used. Every self-respecting feeder has such. As before, sandwiches remain relevant, but now with vegetable ingredients: corn + worm, pearl barley + maggot and others.
A good groundbait mix includes a base, nutrients, binders, attractants and colors. It is on such a rich composition that bream is conducted. This gourmet can be offered the following dish:
- the foundation – oatmeal, bran, pieces of dried bread, cookies;
- feed base – maggots or crushed worms (in the second half of spring – steamed cereals);
- bunch – flour, semolina, oatmeal or any other product with increased stickiness;
- flavoring – fried flax seeds (as an option – dill, coriander, caraway seeds, hemp oil);
- dye – building soot (darkened groundbait will not contrast with the bottom surface).
If you want to make dusty food, then you can add a little milk powder or add a few tablespoons of condensed milk to the composition.
Many beginners, not really knowing what the left-sided bait mixture should consist of, go to the nearest fishing store for it. There the task becomes even more complicated. The shelves are littered with variegated packages, eyes run wide, and the seller persistently tries to sell stale carp groundbait, assuring that it works just as well for bream. What advice can you give them? Look for the pack labeled “Bream” and below it “For Cold Water”. If the content has not expired, then this is exactly what you need.
Unlike most other peaceful species, bream fights to the last even in early spring: it tries to free itself from the hook with the help of sharp jerks, takes the tackle to the side, nestles itself against the edge.
Often, his brisk resistance leads to the breakage of a thin leash. How to bring a strong fish to the shore? To pacify a fighter, you need to try to raise him to the surface. When he takes a breath of air, he immediately becomes submissive.