Fishing for perch in winter
In the summertime, perch is not of particular interest to the fishing community, unless they are lucky enough to find an accumulation of real humpbacks. But in winter, when most species are in a state of suspended animation, for many it is a desirable prey.
Fishing for perch in winter is very popular, because its activity does not decrease even in the cold season. He pounces on live and artificial baits with almost the same greed with which in the summer months he attacked the fry. But in order for ice fishing to give not only the pleasure of being in the fresh air, but also a good catch, you need to know some of its nuances.
Where to look for perch in winter?
At the beginning and at the end of the winter season, the object of fishing does not go deep, it remains in shallow areas. During the day, he can repeatedly go out to feed in the coastal thickets of grass, where it is always full of fish fines. That is why, after freeze-up and closer to spring, it is better to fish near the coastline at depths of up to 2 meters. If the reservoir has creeks or shallow bays overgrown with reeds, it is advisable to start with them, since such places are usually very rich in perch.
In the middle of winter, the picture is somewhat different. During the period of the so-called deafness, striped predators move to the depths, and with the end of severe frosts they return to the coastal zone again. Mother Winter is slowly receding, the sun is showing more and more often, and they are becoming more active every day.
Successful perch fishing in winter requires a significant investment of time to find it. Sometimes you have to drill dozens of holes just in order to pull out a couple of specimens from one of them. Even if fortune is on the side of the angler and he manages to find a camp for a large flock, he still continues to wield an ice ax in order to get the most out of the promising area. With a competent approach, up to 10 individuals can be pulled out of the found perch flock, but then again you need to go in search.
In the cold season, minke whales can bite all over the water area, but at one point they will be rare and weak pokes, and at the other, they will bite so intense that it could be called zhor.
Experienced fishermen unmistakably find such places and try to keep them secret: they go fishing on weekdays, when there are fewer competitors on the ice, cover the holes with snow, immediately hide the prey in a fishing box, and so on. There are fishing spots everywhere, on any river and on almost all lakes. But how do you find them? Let’s try to figure out where the perch likes to spend the winter:
- As already mentioned, most of the winter, the object of fishing is kept close to the coast, aground, but shallow water is different. If this is just an underwater plateau with sparse vegetation, then meeting with it is unlikely. Another thing is the overgrown sandbank located next to the pit. It is at the exit from the pit (for example, from 5 meters to 1.5 meters) that a perch flock most often stands.
- On heavily silted water bodies, one should look for areas with a solid bottom surface. It can be pebbles, sand, concrete slab from the dam. Such a point often turns out to be a real perch klondike, and then the desire to catch a couple of handsome men turns into a gambling and very prey fishing.
- Perspective places should be considered, the bottom of which is dotted with snags, massive stones and other objects that serve as a reliable shelter. This is also one of the favorite locations for large perch in winter and summer too.
- Sometimes the predator unexpectedly refuses to peck, although yesterday it was active with might and main. It seems that he suddenly took and disappeared. Old holes have been checked, many new ones have been drilled and in each there is absolute silence. In such cases, it makes sense to try to cast the tackle at a negligible depth, where the drill lifts more mud on the ice than water. Surprisingly, from a 15-centimeter layer, you can get a lot of heads, and not some undersized, but quite credible ones – up to 300-400 g in weight. What have they forgotten here? Such outcrops cannot be explained by anything other than the presence of fry in it.
Tackle for fishing perch in winter
Finding the location of the pack is only half the battle. To interest the perch, you need to pick up the bait and present it correctly. Basically it is caught on jigs, winter spoons and balancers. There are also sharags, anchors, bows and other poaching (semi-poaching) things, but this is a separate topic.
There are no special requirements for the fishing rod itself; you can even use a balalaika with a strong whip that can withstand the resistance of a trophy striped robber. The only thing that should be improved in it is to lengthen the nod a little, to make it more flexible, springy. Thanks to this improvement, the fish, after the hook, will not be able to break the line with a powerful jerk. Depending on the weight and size of the intended production, the fishing line is selected in the range of 0.08 – 0.18 mm.
But if everything is very clear with the tackle, then with the baits, which are littered with the shelves of fishing shops today, it is somewhat more complicated. It is difficult to choose from this variety really workers, especially for those who are going to catch perch for the first time in winter.
Fishing for perch in the winter with a jig has been known for almost a hundred years, from the very moment when one of the anglers had a sinker sliding down the line to the hook. On that day, he made an amazing discovery: this way the fish bite even better! Later, a mormysh began to be planted on this structure, hence the name. Now in the arsenal of every experienced winter fishing fisherman there are two types of jigs – ordinary (with the addition of bloodworms) and non-attachment. To be honest, the latter don’t always work. It happens that the fish cannot be seduced by imitation of food, then jigs with a live larva are used.
When choosing a jig, size and weight are important parameters, and shape and color are a secondary issue. Ideally, it should weigh within 0.2-0.5 g (depending on the presence and strength of the flow) and not exceed 5 mm in length. Another selection criterion is the quality of the hook. Its sting must be sharp, otherwise the sweeps will only be accidental. Some winter fishermen claim that the perch are more interested in light mormyshki, but others disagree with them. You can argue endlessly about the color, but it would be more correct to pay attention to the game of the bait, and not to its appearance. It is the animation that either provokes the fish or scares it away.
How to catch? First, you should try to tease the predator with smooth ups and downs, and if it does not respond, you can move on to sharper movements. We must not forget about pauses, because during stops lasting 10-15 seconds, as a rule, bites occur. In addition, striped may react to subtle stirring or trembling. This behavior makes the bait look like a swarming bug, at the sight of which a hunting instinct awakens in a predatory fish.
Trolling for perch in winter is another effective fishing method. As in summer trolling in a plumb line, one regularity can be seen here: the larger the bait, the larger the perch is caught, but the number of bites decreases. Some are satisfied with small minke whales, if only there are more of them, so they prefer to fish with miniature lures, and someone counts on catching several worthy specimens, so they put large baits. I must say that this rule does not apply for the middle of the cold season, when even 700-gram humpbacks ignore large spoons. During the deaf winter, they, like all underwater inhabitants, lack oxygen. They are too weak to handle bulk prey.
Winter spoons are all different, each has its own unique animation, so it is advisable to check them at home. How exactly? You can take a full bath of water and practice, see how they behave with certain movements of the rod.
There are different ways to lure perch. The most common is the sharp toss of the bait to a height of up to half a meter, after which it automatically lowers to its original position. There is a pause of 10 to 30 seconds between such ups and downs. An alternative is a smooth ascent with gradual acceleration and slight fluctuations. You can raise the spoon to the maximum height (height + outstretched arm), after which it will return to the bottom just as slowly. Stops lasting a few seconds are made at the top and bottom.
Nowadays, not a single angler can do without a balancer, before the seductive game of which even a well-fed predator is difficult to resist. Fishing for perch on a balancer in winter is very effective and does not require special skills. It is enough to throw it up by 25-30 cm, further from the fisherman, by and large, nothing depends. The artificial fish begins to descend smoothly, swaying attractively and provoking the predator to attack. Unfortunately, not all models are equally effective, and some cheap products don’t work at all.
Often, a catchy balancer has to be selected for a long time, guessing the preferences of the perch on a separate reservoir. You can try different baits, change colors from natural to poisonous or vice versa, experiment with mass, and so on. Sooner or later, the nervous system of the striped robber will not stand it, and he will violently pounce on a fish equipped with sharp hooks. For such minutes of triumph, we love winter fishing.