Fly fishing – technique and tactics
People have come up with many ways of fishing, among which fly fishing stands out. It differs from the others in its spectacularity, gambling, sportiness and specificity. Fly fishing is a difficult science, to master it, theoretical knowledge alone is not enough. Training is needed here. An angler who is skilled with fly fishing tackle has many different techniques in his arsenal, which, of course, affects the final result. In addition to technical skills, fly fishing requires an in-depth study of the habits of individual fish species, as well as the ability to correctly assemble and set up tackle. Only having mastered all these subtleties can you consider yourself a real fly fisher.
Fly fishing is used to catch fish that feed on insects that have fallen to the surface of the water. In other words, any fish can become a fly fishing prey, since almost all inhabitants of the reservoir are not averse to taking advantage of a fly or a bug. Fly fishing tackle is purposefully used in catching rudd, chub, trout and some other species feeding near the surface, but more serious predators, such as perch or pike, are often caught in the catch.
Fly fishing technique and tactics
The most difficult thing in this kind of fishing is casting. It is this action that stops many fishermen, who, after several unsuccessful attempts, come to the conclusion that it will take years to work it off. They return to their usual fishing methods, and leave fly fishing to the chosen ones, gifted from above. In fact, everyone can master the fly fishing technique, you just need to have a little patience and try hard. Things will go much faster if the training is conducted under the guidance of a fly fisherman with extensive experience.
All fly fishing casts, and there are many of them, can be divided into 3 categories:
- Classic. This includes horizontal, vertical and ring casts.
- Improved. These are casts with a relaxed or stretched line, with the formation of a loop, at an angle to the current, arc, wavy, and others.
- Special. This group consists of the most difficult casts, such as salmon or Spey Cast. To master them, it will take quite a long time.
For obvious reasons, fly fishing for beginners should be mastered with classical (basic) casts, training somewhere on a mowed lawn in calm, calm weather.
When out of ten attempts, as many are successful, it’s time to test your abilities on the pond. In real conditions, it is possible not only to throw the tackle, but also to experiment with the posting of the front sight.
In fly fishing, tactics play an important role, the key point in which is the correct choice of bait. It may differ for each individual type of fish, but there is one general rule – careful observation. Before starting to fish, you need to consider the state of the water (transparency, temperature, level), observe the fish, or rather its behavior, whether it comes out to the surface to feed or stands in the lower horizons. It is also important to analyze the state of the weather: its stability, wind strength and direction, air temperature, and so on.
Based on the information collected, you can guess the horizon of the location of the fish and estimate the degree of its activity. If insects swarm above the water and periodically fall to its surface, and the object of catching rises behind them, you should try to catch dry flies that look like flying insects. In the case when everything contributes to the fish feeding in the upper layers, but it is not there, it is better to use wet flies and catch half-water. In cold weather, when the reservoir looks lifeless, no insects or fish are visible in the water, it is preferable to fish in deep places with bait wiring near the very bottom.
If all factors are taken into account, but the fish is in no hurry to respond to the proposed fly, nymph or streamer, you should experiment with the size and color of the bait.
It so happens that the object of catch has risen to the front sight, poked it with its nose and again sank to the depth. In this case, it is useful to move to an area with a stronger current and try to fish with the same bait. In a fast stream, the fish does not have time to see the fly well, so it attacks it almost immediately.
Fly fishing tackle
When choosing a fly fishing tackle, there should be no such separation as a rod for beginners and a professional tool. To get a good idea of fly fishing performance and efficiency, you need to start with the right tackle, comfortable and balanced. Now the ready-made set can be purchased in the store, but it is better to assemble the fly fishing tackle for beginners yourself. This will allow you to study all its technical subtleties. So how do you assemble your fly fishing tackle?
Fly fishing rod. With a well-chosen rod, you can get pleasure from fishing for a long time without feeling tired at all. The main selection criteria are build, test and material quality. The faster the line, the easier it is to cast light fly lures. As for the test, for such fishing it is advisable to use a rod with the minimum value of this parameter. Now about the material. Fly fishing uses rods made of:
- fiberglass – suitable by weight, but the quality is poor;
- carbon fiber – higher quality and more reliable material;
- glued bamboo – an elite product with high strength, low weight and chic appearance.
When buying, it is also important to pay attention to the passage rings. If they are deformed or chipped on the inner surface, it is better not to take such a rod.
The standard length of the fly rod varies from 2 to 3.5 meters, the longer ones are used for fishing in large and wide waters. As a rule, these are two-handed products, the weight of which does not allow them to catch for a long time.
Coil. This tackle element should be light and small, and even better miniature. Fly reels are made from ultra-light alloys and very durable plastic. Usually, the weight of such a product does not even reach 100 g, so it does not make the tackle heavier at all, which is one of the main conditions for such fishing. You can use both inertialess models and more reliable multiplier ones. Each of these options has its own pros and cons, so fishermen are often guided by their own preferences when choosing.
Cord. For fly fishing, you will need an expensive high-quality line, however, options are possible. For example, if there is not enough money for an expensive braid, you can put an ordinary cord with a cross section of up to 0.3 mm, having previously lubricated it along the entire length with goose fat or some similar substance. The fly line should be heavy enough to float. To keep its buoyancy as long as possible, its surface is treated with a special aerosol.
Backing. This term refers to an additional piece of braided or monofilament line of a lower quality that is added to the end of the main line and wound around the spool first. Thanks to this addition, tackle collection costs are significantly reduced.
Undergrowth. Any fly fishing tackle uses a monofilament or conical braid undergrowth (leader) that is an extension of the main line. The difference in the diameters of its ends ensures the smooth fall of the bait into the water.
Connector. A part that performs an important function. It connects the main cord to the underbrush. Now on sale there are cords with factory loops, but practice has shown that they sometimes fail. It is for this reason that most fly anglers choose to make their own connector.
Leash. Thin and strong monofilament line with a length slightly shorter than the rod and up to 0.25 mm in diameter. In different conditions, it is preferable to use a line of a certain shade for the leash. For example, greenish on an overgrown lake.
Flies. Most often, artificial flies are used in fly fishing. It is quite difficult to guess the catchy color and shape of the bait on an unfamiliar reservoir; it is only possible to choose an effective model during the fishing process. For this purpose, fishermen donate the first fish they catch: they open the belly and examine the contents of the stomach.
With correctly assembled and adjusted tackle, the success of fly fishing depends solely on the skill of the angler, in particular on the casting technique. Perseverance and hard work will help to master it. All who set themselves such a goal and achieved it became real fly fishermen, who today are considered the elite of the fishing community.