Breeding duck breeds

Photo by Dmitry Vasiliev

Photo by Dmitry Vasiliev

NIZHEGORODSKAYA

The ducks of the Nizhny Novgorod breed have a medium-sized, proportional addition, somewhat elongated forms, a relatively thin neck and a small head; pronounced dark grooves stretch from the eyes.

The beak is narrow, not long, although longer than that of the Tula ducks, dark, without spots.

Paws are darker than wild mallards.

Among this breed there are ducks, whose head is painted in a gray tone, and the grooves of the eyes are mild or completely absent.

Such ducks are called chubar or osinovkami.

PHOTO OF SERGEY FOKINA

Chubary – ducks with dark monophonic heads and almost black beaks. There is no white color in plumage, the mirror is almost imperceptible.

The inner side of their wings and tail are of a bluish color. Voice is the main value of the decoy. Low, thick, informative, with a slight hoarse, he has a special attraction for the wild drake.

But above all, short, energetic sediment and active behavior on water are valued. The peculiarity of this breed of decoy ducks is a good job for the dark
dawn.

VORONEZH

This breed of decoy strongly resembles a wild mallard.

Its color is brownish-ocher, with the presence of brownish shades on the back. Paws are yellow-red. The neck and beak are significantly shorter than those of wild relatives.

PHOTO PIXABAY

Voronezh ducks have good data that allows you to use them for hunting at any time of the year. They are distinguished by the presence of a beautiful voice luring many wild birds.

TULA

Among the hunters, the Tula breed of ducks has won a special honor. The representatives of this breed have a small wide body, short dark legs, short neck, miniature beak of brown color. Black plumage distinguishes them from wild mallards.

PHOTO OF SERGEY FOKINA

The breed is famous for its high voice with a short draft. This attracts drakes, and the hunt becomes more productive. Tula ducks are often called "chastochkami" because of the rapid, hasty precipitation.

SARATOVSKAYA

No less popular among hunters is the decoy of the Saratov breed. These are small birds with a wide body, with plumage, painted in a yellowish-gray color, which attracts wild mallards, as it catches the eye from a far distance.

PHOTO OF SERGEY FOKINA

Saratov ducks have a short neck, thick and strong voice with short precipitations, which is most appreciated during the hunt.

Dmitry Vasilyev
                     July 18, 2019 at 05:57

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Thoughts about hunting

PHOTO DMITRY SHANITSYNA

PHOTO DMITRY SHANITSYNA

Animals, including hunting, is a special, unique component of nature.

They are mobile, lead a mostly secretive way of life, have a population structure of species.

Their study requires specific methods that are much more complex than in forestry or agriculture.

Hunting animals are a rapidly reproducible resource, having a peculiar dynamics, without tracking which (without monitoring) it is impossible to manage the economy and use this resource wisely.

The endless reformation of hunting management as a branch (and this is an independent and specific branch) led to a significant reduction in managerial staff; in comparison with the Glavokhota system of the RSFSR – dozens of times.

The budget financing of the industry was also reduced. Of course, the hunting farm should have an independent government body.

Animals breed every year and with a large supply, that is, many more individuals are born than nature needs to “repair” the livestock, to develop empty ecological niches and territories.

“Unnecessary” individuals simply perish, not finding for themselves living space or conditions.

They constitute the resources of hunting and the functioning of hunting. And this is the main argument in disputes with illiterate anti-hunters and green of various stripes.

Resources hunting animals need to use very carefully. Many examples can be cited where a farm, without monitoring, devastated hunting grounds, destroyed entire populations of animals, or undermined their reproductive abilities, as happened with the saiga antelope.

PHOTO SVETLANA BURKOVSKAYA

Monitoring of hunting resources is necessary, therefore, at one time, Glavokhota RSFSR considered the creation of the State Service for Accounting of Hunting Resources as an information basis for state monitoring and resource management at the federal level to be important.

In the development of this topic in the Central Research Laboratory of the Glavokhota and hunting expedition, 35 specialists were employed. Almost all methods of registering game animals were tested, tested in field conditions, and the most reasonable and promising were selected.

I have compiled a prospective program of accounting work in the RSFSR, which indicated methods applicable in different regions of the country, the frequency of their implementation, seasons, etc.

The main methods were highlighted, the use of which was envisaged annually. Glavokhota did not want to implement the implementation of this program, the main board stopped only on the introduction of winter route accounting (ZMU) of hunting animals.

This method is really promising: theoretically well-grounded, easy-to-use in practice, understandable in execution even for unskilled hunters.

But for game managers who considered themselves to be qualified, the ZMU method often caused criticism and rejection, mainly due to a lack of understanding of the theoretical essence of the method.

For example, one of these "specialists" A.E. Bersenyev, not understanding the essence of ZMU, not yet being the head of the hunting department, dreamed of developing “alternative” accounting methods, although they were developed a long time ago and some of them were rejected for practical use. He was more attracted to accounting methods at trial sites.

He was told that any methods of counting on trial plots have a significant negative quality: the great difficulty of laying representative sites, when the average population density of animals on the plots should be close to the population density in the territory of reference in nature.

Otherwise, you can get multiple errors in the accounting results. This deficiency is deprived of route accounting methods, since they cover large areas, even ten-kilometer ZMU routes.

PHOTO OLIVER SCHWENDENER / UNSPLASH

The route aerial accounting of large mammals with their visual detection can be a truly alternative method of ZMU accounting. Methodical documents for this method have long been developed and approved.

But now renting an air transport is too expensive for poor hunting organizations. And for accounting with the help of drones, such UAVs do not yet exist that could fully meet the requirements of hunting animals accounting methods.

However, UAVs that meet these requirements are too expensive and inaccessible, therefore, the introduction of such aerial accounting methods without the presence of UAVs, without data processing programs is premature.

Recently, the hunting department convened a meeting on the approval of accounting guidelines drawn up by the FGBU “Tsentrohotkontrol”, including “alternative” methods.

I, of course, was not invited to this meeting. This is typical of Russia: the party farm is going to discuss scientific problems without scientists.

I gave opinions on the “alternative” methods developed at Tsentrokhotkontrol, but apparently they did not read them in the Department of Hunting. In Tsentrokhotkontrol read and made a number of amendments to their projects.

They did a great job composing these projects at the disposal of the parent organization, but, in my opinion, the work was almost useless. This refers to the aforementioned methods of aerial accounting using UAVs.

Another method – accounting at fertilizer sites – for some reason was limited only to accounting boar. Such types of ungulates, such as the noble, spotted deer, fallow deer, and roe deer, were not mentioned at all, although it is more logical to take them into account at the sites, and accounting for the boar is obvious nonsense.

This animal does not always go to the grounds, the boars may visit several sites during the night, which leads to a rediscount. The territory from which the animals go to the sites is unknown, therefore extrapolation of the counts is excluded.

The method requires multi-day observations and high qualifications of observers, simultaneous observations on all sites in the farm. It is more labor-intensive than ZMU, and is suitable only for registering reindeer and only in highly organized farms, where there are these sites and a large staff of qualified rangers.

Therefore, to talk about the use of this method in monitoring in large areas is meaningless.

Another “alternative” method is the run method. He is criticized in many publications. It requires the simultaneous participation of a large group of well-trained beaters. Very often the chain of beaters is broken, a part of the animals breaks through this chain and remains in the pen.

It is not always clear whether the animals came to the girder site during the pen or not. Compared to the PMU, there are difficulties in the organization here, and the problem of the representativeness of the sites does not allow us to recommend this method for monitoring.

The average long-term length of the diurnal variation of moose in the second half of winter in the European part of Russia:
1 – less than 2.5 km; 2 – 2.5–2.7 km;
3 – 2.8–3.1 km;
4 – 3.2–3.7 km;
5 – more than 3.7 km.

Part of the complaints against the ZMU methodology is related to the fact that there are no grounds for applying the average long-term conversion factors. I agree. Of course, it is better to do the tracking of the daily inheritance of beasts. Time consuming Yes.

But there are ways to reduce this complexity. For example, on the basis of previous observations, determine the dependence of the length of the diurnal variation on the depth of snow cover and then apply the “predicted” coefficients.

They are compiled for the majority of subjects of European Russia and are available in the literature. There is a way to determine the length of the daily leg along the average width of the daily portion of the beast and the average number of intersections of tracks on two perpendicular routes through this segment.

This is also in the literature. Of course, keeping animals in mind is laborious, but you can’t easily catch a fish from a pond.

In any case, ZMU, even with the average multi-year coefficients, gives much smaller errors than any of the mentioned “alternative” methods, where errors can be multiple.
Who should do the accounting – the state or the hunting users?

In Soviet times, everything was clear: state bodies at the federal and regional levels led the management and organization of accounting work, summarizing the results of monitoring.

They also entered into an agreement with hunting users on the lease of hunting grounds and the use of state (nationwide!) Hunting resources, and in this agreement it was necessarily agreed to conduct the counting of animals by hunting users.

A powerful blow to the monitoring was the transfer of all the functions of hunting management to the subjects of the Federation, including monitoring, which could not be done in any case. Now, federal government agencies do not have the ability to control the monitoring, but only deal with scandalous cases.

Subjects of the Federation on their territory do whatever they want, submit for generalization dubious credentials, usually inflated to obtain more animal licenses; There are no qualified, objective and independent personnel to conduct an environmental impact assessment of the field plan. All this may well lead to the destruction of animal populations.

ACCOUNTING ELK
The family of direct regressions of the diurnal stroke length (L, km) to the depth of snow cover
(H, cm). The numbers indicate the region, the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (data at the end of the 80s of the XX century):
1 – Arkhangelskaya, 2 – Vologda,
3 – Karelian ASSR, 4 – Leningrad,
5 – Novgorodskaya, 6 – Pskovskaya,
7 – Vladimirskaya, 8 – Ivanovskaya,
9 – Tverskaya, 10 – Kostroma,
11 – Moscow, 12 – Tula,
13 – Yaroslavskaya, 14 – Nizhny Novgorod,
15 – Mordovian ASSR, 16 – Chuvash ASSR, 17 – Tambov, 18 – Kuibyshev,
19 – Bashkir ASSR, 20 – Orenburg,
21 – Perm, 22 – Udmurt Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.

State control of hunting resources monitoring at the federal level should be mandatory: the federal hunting authority is responsible for the state of hunting resources throughout the Federation and at the same time cannot control the accounting work.

This is not a “nightmare business”, as they think in the Duma, but a normal state approach. After all, business doesn’t care what happens to animals (there will be no animals, and it’s not necessary).

At the meeting, representatives of Rosokhorybolovsoyuz stated that the state should conduct animal registrations, to which my colleague remarked: "Let them then give all the lands to the state." This is also extreme.

I have always supported community hunting organizations. Without them there is no hunting. But I believe that it is necessary to withdraw land from those hunting users who do not comply with the terms of the agreement on the lease of resources in terms of keeping animals.

On the other hand, for the majority of hunting users accounting work is burdensome, time consuming and not at all necessary. This opinion is based on a complete misunderstanding of the necessity and usefulness of the counts.

And this is one of the most important or even the most important area of ​​hunting activity.

If you conduct a specific hunting farm competently and intelligently, you must first determine the capacity of their hunting grounds for each type of animal.

This is necessary in order to strive to bring the number of animals closer to the capacity of land, but at the same time not to give numbers to exceed this capacity, in order to avoid a sharp drop in numbers.

It is absolutely impossible to determine the capacity of land using the method of “classical rating”, to determine the “optimal number” based on subjective assessments of the quality of land. It has been proven that the capacity of land for plant-eating animals cannot be determined from stocks of vegetable feed: they are used in different landscape conditions from 5 to 100%.

Best of all, the capacity of the land shows the number of animals themselves, and for this you need to keep regular records of the number. This is the only correct approach in determining the capacity of land.

Photo by Anton Zhuravkov

Another aspect of the same problem: in each population of animals, population dynamics occur in their own way, and in neighboring micropopulations, the rhythm of the dynamics, its phases do not coincide; numbers.

On the rise of numbers and at a level close to the capacity of the land, it is possible to allow the full fishing load, increasing it when reaching the capacity, in order to maintain this level of numbers indefinitely for a long time.

If the number "has passed" the capacity, it will go down. Then you need to drastically reduce the fishing load or eliminate it altogether so that the numbers recover faster.

If you follow this approach to managing, it will lead to maximum economic efficiency of farms. To do this, it is necessary to carry out the most accurate surveys of animals, extrapolate the data of selective counts on the correct, landscape territorial basis.

It has been proven that the use of the phytocenological classification of hunting grounds (types of land) in animal accounts can lead to multiple errors imperceptible to accountants. In addition, it is possible to isolate micropopulations and populations of higher rank only on the basis of the landscape classification of land.

Over the past 50 years there have been a lot of publications about this, and ignoring the landscape approach to the classification of land and animal records means that the farm is maintained at the level of the 19th century game management.

Vladimir Kuzyakin
                     July 18, 2019 at 06:04

. (tagsToTranslate) Hunting and fishing. XXI century (t) Hunting (t) Facilities and societies (t) Hunting societies (t) Hunting farms (t) Clubs (t) monitoring (t) acs (t) snakes (t) animal accounting

All for private hunting users, all for their victory

photo: Semina Mikhail

photo: Semina Mikhail

The size of the annual fee will now have to be specified directly in the hunting agreement, and the responsible state authorities will buy medicines for animals.

“We are starting to implement plans to change the legislation on hunting. In recent years, they did not occur. Now, a lot due to the fact that the working group on hunting has been created, we manage to get a lot of problems off the ground. It is necessary to break through the period of silence and move on, ”said the head of the committee Nikolay Nikolayev.

One of the bills is aimed at improving the norms of the law on hunting related to the protection of hunting resources from diseases. Introduced by the Government of the Russian Federation and adopted in first reading on January 15, 2019.

The document proposes to establish that preventive, diagnostic, therapeutic, restrictive and other measures for the protection of hunting resources from diseases include the establishment and cancellation of quarantine and other restrictions on the territory of Russia aimed at preventing the spread and elimination of foci of infectious and other diseases of hunting resources.

At the same time, the protection of hunting resources from diseases must be carried out in accordance with the Law on Hunting and the Law on Veterinary Medicine.

“There is a resolution of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation in accordance with which it is indicated that the existing wording was ambiguously interpreted by the courts. We are changing it. The bottom line was simple – whoever pays buys medicines to heal wild animals for diseases. Now, the responsible state authorities will buy medicines for animals, ”the head of the committee Nikolay Nikolayev noted.

The second bill was prepared by a group of deputies headed by Nikolai Nikolayev, chairman of the Committee on Natural Resources, Property and Land Relations, and a group of senators headed by deputy head of the Federation Council Committee on Agrarian and Food Policy and Environmental Management Vladimir Lebedev.

The document proposes to clarify the rules in terms of payments to enterprises that have concluded hunting agreements. Adopted in the first reading on May 30, 2019.

The hunting agreements will contain information on fees paid for the use of objects of the animal world in accordance with the legislation on taxes, instead of the annual amount of fees paid for using objects of the animal world.

The proposed changes protect the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, as well as ensure the stability of law enforcement, which in turn increases the economic attractiveness of hunting activities.

“The courts interpreted this question in different ways, and there was a risk of double payment for the use of hunting farms. We proposed directly in the hunting agreement to register information on fees paid for the use of animal resources. Previously, it was the annual fee paid. We determine how much a person should pay per year for use, ”the deputy noted.

In preparation for consideration in the second reading of the bill received 4 amendments, which are recommended for adoption.

One of them provides for clarification of the mechanism for determining the initial price of the right to enter into a hunting agreement.

photo: Fotolia.com

In the current edition of the initial price of the auction is calculated based on the minimum amount of rent under land and forest lease contracts, and the annual amount of fees for the use of wildlife objects.

Since the draft law clarifies the concept of “annual fees for using objects of the animal world,” it is also proposed to calculate the initial price based on the minimum rents for land and forest lease contracts, and the product of collection rates for the use of wildlife and hunting quotas resources for the previous year.

And in the case of their absence – the standards for permissible withdrawal of hunting resources for the previous year or the norms for permissible extraction of hunting resources for the previous year.

The proposed amendment will make it possible to more fully resolve issues related to the types of payments effected within the framework of hunting management agreements and to avoid a subjective interpretation of the norms of the Law on Hunting.

“If we change the wording in the hunting agreement regarding the determination of fees, then we need to harmonize the mechanism for determining the initial price of the auction for entering into the hunting agreement.

This is a very important bill that specifies the rate of establishing the initial price of the auction. Our annual fee, which was registered, unfortunately, was treated differently in the regions.

More than 40 regions have levied this payment as a second tax payment for using objects of the animal world. This clarifying norm, it eliminates uncertainty and allows the hunting user to use their funds more rationally, ”said Nikolaev.

It was also proposed to postpone the entry into force of the law from January 1 to June 1, 2020, so that the hunting users can carry out all the necessary administrative procedures to change the hunting agreements in a timely manner.

July 19, 2019 at 12:24

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Pigeons and crows: the story of the confrontation

photo: Fotolia.com

photo: Fotolia.com

Colossal damage to sports pigeons returning from the competition can be inflicted by ordinary gray crows.

A physically exhausted pigeon who could not return home on time and spent the night somewhere on the roof could serve as a good target for the ravens to attack.

The latter, like a pack of wolves, are well-organized and intelligent animals.

They are able to kill and destroy not only other feathered brethren, but also various small and not very animals.

WHEN APPEAR TO CROWN

The time of appearance of chicks in crows almost always coincides with the time of hatching of chicks in other birds. This has a certain biological meaning, since during this period the crows feed their chicks almost exclusively with animal food.

It was during this period that the raven’s aggressiveness towards other birds increased several times. As early as the week of their appearance, parents of pigeons start screaming loudly and demanding to be fed.

The crows react to this cry like a fox to a squeak of mice or a cry of a wounded hare. Crows are constantly spinning at the entrance to the pigeon nursery with pronounced aggressive intentions, look inside, often frightening even adult birds.

Pigeon breeders have long learned to protect their nurseries from crows. So, someone had invented “automatic devices” – metal rods fixed on one side and at the same time freely moving.

Usually they are hanged at the entrance to the dovecote, where the “automatics” open into the nursery, and the exit, where the twigs move to the street. Pigeons quickly get used to such a system and throughout the day constantly ply the street, then the dovecote.

Crows, being extremely cautious birds, almost never go into the dovecote, if there exists such a system of "automaton". Probably, the presence of metal moving rods causes them to stop at the entrance and not to penetrate.

But if, after all, a crow has penetrated into the pigeon house, something difficult to describe begins, similar to what wolves do when they get into a sheepfold.

The crow almost completely destroys all the little chicks that are in the nests, and with particular cruelty she tears off each chick's head and swallows it, does not touch anything else. Next comes the next victim's turn.

I once witnessed such a pogrom. At the time of the attack, the nursery contained more than 100 pigeons, only a few nestlings able to fly on their own, all smaller chicks and eggs were completely destroyed, while adult pigeons left their dovecote and spent the night on the roofs of nearby houses.

WHEN GROWN DOVES

They are trying to flip through the nursery on their own, their mass going out into the streets begins. Sports pigeons are usually released at a strictly defined and pre-calculated time, this is due to subsequent competitions, which take place in accordance with the schedule previously approved at the general meeting of the club.

Chicks out of the nursery very carefully. They stick their heads out through the "automatons", look at the street for a long time, remembering the location of their nursery, then, emboldened, they choose the pigeon house completely and finally fly to the roof of the nursery.

For the chicks comes one of the most crucial moments in their lives, often deciding their fate. It is at this time that increased attention is required to the chicks, since the crows are looking forward to this moment as much as the pigeon breeder raising its chicks.

Only they have different goals. The crows come for easy prey, their task is to scare the pigeons, make them fly off somewhere away from the nursery and then cruelly peck and feed their already requiring meat chicks.

Losses dove at this time reach about 10–15% of the total livestock.

BEHAVIOR IN WINTER

In winter, the behavior of the crow is not much different from the behavior of other birds of prey, for example, the worst enemy of domestic pigeons – the goshawk.

In some frosty days, when the raven especially pesters hunger, they become especially aggressive. The crows dive at a flying flock of pigeons, trying to repel individual individuals, and then begin to pursue them, all the while attacking from above.

If the pigeon managed to be knocked down in this way, several crows at once immediately attack him and instantly kill them. Sports pigeons very often, moving with great speed, break on the wires. The crows immediately appear and finish off the crippled bird.

These are the elements of natural selection that have appeared in our cities lately. The losses of pigeons from hawks, kites and falcons, according to my observations, are much lower compared to the damage that the city ravens inflict on pigeon.

The number of their strictly growing. So, in our yard, where my pigeon nursery stands, five years ago there was only one crow nest, now there are already six of them.

FACTORS OF THE RETURN OF THE SPORTS DYE HOME / HOMING /

SUBJECTIVE:

• origin of the pigeon (its pedigree)

• physical training

• feeding

• state of plumage

• presence in the native loft of a couple, chicks

OBJECTIVE:

Factors do not depend on a person and often cause or disorientation of pigeons, or create physical barriers to their return home.

• magnetic storms

• heavy rains

• headwind

• high or low temperature

• presence of birds of prey on the route of the flock

Separate pictures of raven attacks come to mind.

City courtyard, garbage. In the trash some kindly granny poured bread soaked in water.

Eternally hungry wild sizaris with frenzy begin to absorb the food brought. The crows are right there, they are not interested in bread, they flew for the meat.

One of the crows slowly comes up to the pigeons; they, carried away by the meal, do not pay any attention to it, but in vain. A lightning lunge follows, and the crow deftly holds the wing of one of the pigeons.

Two other crows immediately run up to the first one and begin to brutally kill the poor pigeon, one with blows to the head, the second, pulling out from the still alive victim of the intestine.

And all this is in front of children playing on the playground. While I came down from the dovecote, until I reached the garbage, it was all over.

In September-October, sports pigeons molt very intensively. This happens for various reasons, the main of which is the end of the competition in mid-August. A molt lingers on constantly flying pigeons, as soon as the flights are stopped, the pigeons simply crumble, losing most of the plumage.

So, the middle of September, the sun is shining, quite warm. On asphalt puddles after yesterday's rain. In the morning, actively flying, a flock of sports pigeons decides to take a bath. At least forty pigeons climb into the puddle on the pavement and begin to swim.

The absence of dense plumage during molting quickly makes itself felt. Pigeons get wet and can't fly fast. The crows, who until then had been sitting apart, begin to hunt.

One of them simulates an attack from above, while the pack takes off with a noise. Part of the pigeons, which are particularly zealous to take water procedures, can not get off the ground and begin to frantically jump up and down in one place.

Immediately there are other members of the "flock" who attack the helpless pigeons. And if there is no master nearby, their fate is sad. Losses from such attacks during the molting period can amount to dozens.

Mikhail Vustin
                     July 19, 2019 at 15:05

. (tagsToTranslate) Russian hunting paper (t) Hunting (t) crows (t) pigeons (t) crows (t) dovecote (t) sports pigeons

Kobylkin: in Russia it is time to change the hunting legislation

photo: Anton Zhuravkova

photo: Anton Zhuravkova

On Saturday afternoon, the head of the federal agency for nature and ecology paid an official visit to the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic.

In the official program, the minister was reported to release into the nature hundreds of pheasants of the North Caucasian breed and the same number of mallard ducks.

The event took place in Lower Zhemtal, in one of the rounds of the “State experimental hunting economy” of the city of Nalchik.

Together with Kobylkin, the birds and waterfowl were released by the acting head of the republic, Kazbek Kokov.

The fact of the release of pheasants is significant in that it was the first offspring of a North Caucasian bird that biologists were able to successfully obtain in captivity.

After the event, the head of the federal department made a statement to the press about the imminent major changes in Russian laws on hunting farms.

They want to make Russia attractive to foreign hunters.

According to the minister, bills should be drafted and adopted for hunting enthusiasts from Europe so that they can visit the Russian Federation, hunt birds and animals in its territory and "feel no worse than at home."

Kobylkin assured that new developments in the legislative sphere will entail the transformation of the entire hunting system in the next 3-5 years.

July 21, 2019 at 14:47

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Samara proceeds to depopulation of wild boar due to ASF

photo: Anton Zhuravkova

photo: Anton Zhuravkova

The Department of Hunting and Fisheries of the region set a task for hunters to reduce the density of animals in fixed hunting grounds (up to 0.25 individuals per 1 thousand hectares) and prevent the spread of the disease.

Since there is a serious danger of the spread of African swine fever among wild boars in the territory of the Samara region, the agency requests the users to "take exhaustive measures" to prevent it.

This means that during the hunting season 2019-2020, it is necessary to ensure maximum extraction of wild boars, reducing their habitat density to a value of 0.25 individuals per 1 thousand hectares.

In addition, hunters need to ensure the sampling of biomaterials (lymph nodes, spleen, kidneys, liver, lungs, tubular bone) from all wild boars obtained during the hunt, as well as detected dead boars and animals killed in road traffic accidents for veterinary services.

Officials also recommend feeding wild animals so that their herds do not gather in landfill sites and migrate less. Feeding grounds, of course, must be disinfected.

It is necessary to conduct monitoring at unauthorized dumps in order to detect dead animals in time and send materials for analysis.

And if boars or other wild animals are noticed whose behavior does not correspond to natural behavioral reflexes, any body of the State Veterinary Service of the Russian Federation must be informed about this.

Information for hunters to prevent the spread of African swine fever among wild boars

1. Considering the dangerous situation prevailing in the Samara region on the spread of African swine fever virus (hereinafter referred to as ASF), Samara region hunters should take comprehensive measures to maximize the production of wild boars in the hunting season 2019-2020 and minimize the density of animals in the designated hunting grounds (up to an indicator of 0.25 individuals per 1 thousand hectares) and to prevent the spread of the disease.

2. To ensure the sampling of biomaterials (lymph nodes, spleen, kidneys, liver, lungs, tubular bone) from all wild boars caught during the hunt, as well as dead boars that were found and animals killed in road accidents for veterinary research.

3. To produce intensive feeding of wild boars in the feeding areas in the maximum amount in order to prevent the migration of herds and the distraction of animals from dump sites.

4. Strengthen control over the origin of the spread feed for feeding the boars, as well as the availability of the necessary documentation for the feed.

5. To provide disinfection of fertilizing sites using disinfectants.

6. To monitor the unauthorized dumps for the timely detection of dead animals, products of slaughter animals, food waste.

7. By patrolling, carry out daily monitoring of the surroundings of the feeding grounds and the concentration of animals for the detection of dead boars.

8. In case of detection in the process of walking, guarding or hunting the corpses of wild boars or animals whose behavior does not correspond to their natural behavioral reflexes, as well as in the case of shooting animals with such signs, it is necessary to inform immediately any body of the State Veterinary Service of the Russian Federation (veterinarian , local veterinary hospital, animal disease control station, territorial administration of the Rosselkhoznadzor), department of hunting and fishing of the Samara region, and t Also other executive authorities of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation or federal executive authorities (MES, MIA). When interacting with the specialists of the departments, to carry out the sampling of the biomaterial at the ASF.

9. To provide the necessary assistance to state veterinary services in carrying out activities related to the prevention of the occurrence and spread of diseases.

10. When you make a contract (voucher) for the provision of hunting organization services, specify with the persons planning to carry out hunting in a particular hunting farm before they are located in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in which ASF outbreaks were recorded.

11. In the event that the information specified in clause 10 is confirmed, from persons planning to hunt on the territory of hunting farms in the subjects of the Russian Federation who are prosperous with regard to this disease, on the eve of the hunt, it is recommended to ensure mechanical cleaning and disinfection of shoes, knives, elements of hunting equipment (outerwear, gloves, etc.), in which hunting was previously possible on the territory of hunting farms unfavorable for ASF and with the use of which the cutting of carcasses was carried out bytyh boars.

12. In the case of use by those who intend to hunt in the territories of ASF-friendly hunting farms, to transport the carcasses of harvested wild boars or parts of carcasses of vehicles used previously in the ASF-disadvantaged hunting farms, hunters and / or individuals operating in the field of hunting, it is recommended to provide disinfection of transport and its luggage compartment, or to prevent the presence and use of such vehicles on the territory of hunting.

13. To organize the disposal of the corpses of the dead (fallen) in accordance with the instructions of the specialists of the veterinary services.

14. Cutting carcasses of harvested animals to carry out centrally in the places equipped on the territory of hunting farms, where the floors and walls of the premises intended for dressing carcasses of harvested animals allow repeated cleaning and disinfection. It is possible to use knapsack sprayers with a volume of at least 5 liters in the warm season as technical means for disinfecting the cutting sites of harvested wild boar; in the winter, powder disinfectants can be used in accordance with the instructions for their use. In the absence of conditions for centralized cutting of carcasses, comply with the conditions specified in paragraph 13 of this leaflet.

15. Disinfect the vehicles and devices used to transport the carcasses of harvested animals.

16. It is prohibited to use motor vehicles for transportation of boar carcasses in the territory of ASF-safe hunting farms, if previously this type of transport was used in ASF-disadvantaged hunting farms.

17. When transporting hog-boiled carcasses to central cutting sites, use tools (plastic or metal tanks of appropriate size) to prevent blood or natural excretion of animals from falling onto the ground or various surfaces of vehicles.

18. Upon completion of the hunt and carving of boar carcasses, disinfect hands, shoes, as well as knives, axes, hooks, ropes and other devices.

19. To take the necessary measures for the non-proliferation of hunting products before obtaining the results of analyzes that allow the use of these products.

20. Transport hunting products from hunting farms only in impenetrable containers (polyethylene and other bags of materials of appropriate density) in order to prevent vehicles and clothes from contacting blood, meat juice, etc. If possible, only luggage compartments should be used to transport hunting products. vehicles, the bottom of which is equipped with rubber or plastic korytopopodobnymi mats.

21. To hunters and / or persons engaged in activities in the field of hunting, not to reuse to transport hunting products plastic bags and other bags (bags), dispose of them in ways that do not allow the ASFV to enter the environment.

22. Hunters and / or persons engaged in hunting activities in rural areas should not allow the use of water, which was used to wash meat or offal from harvested boars before cooking, to feed pigs and other domestic animals. Before disposal, such water must be boiled for at least 5 minutes or disinfected by chemical means.

23. Hunters and / or persons engaged in the field of hunting, engaged in hunting for other species of hunting animals in hunting farms affected by ASF, living in rural areas and keeping domestic pigs in the farmsteads, should be cleaned (washed) and then disinfected. , as indicated in paragraph 22 of this handbook.

July 21, 2019 at 2:58 pm

. (tagsToTranslate) Hunting (t) Farming and society (t) Hunting societies (t) Hunting farms (t) Clubs (t) boar (t) elk (t) roe deer (t) acs

The national park has swallowed up a whole district: people do not know how to live

Bering Island, NASA snapshot

Bering Island, NASA snapshot

255 residents of the village of Nikolskoye, Aleutian District of Kamchatka (Bering Island, Group of Commander Islands) wrote an appeal to the administration of Russian President Vladimir Putin, the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation, to the government of Kamchatka Territory with a request not to extend to the northern part of Bering Island the national park created on the site of the Commander Reserve.

Residents are convinced that the creation on the site of their village and the area of ​​the National Park will make life and work impossible for them.

In August 2018, 321-ФЗ was passed, which amended the law on specially protected areas.

According to the document, the reserve Commander is transformed into a national park, with the expansion of borders.

After the transformation, the village of Nikolskoye, in which representatives of the indigenous peoples of Kamchatka live, will become part of the National Park.

Residents Nikolsky argue that this is contrary to federal law, since the transformation of the reserve does not imply a change in its boundaries.

In the northern part of the island, on which it is supposed to extend the borders of the National Park, there is not only a village, but also an airport, a road of regional significance, lands of tribal communities, fishing areas of the Aleutian Fish Factory, which are simply not in the project.

Residents of one of the most remote settlements of Russia are confident that the restrictions imposed by the status of the National Park threaten them with job loss and hunger.

Indigenous people will be deprived of the right to practice traditional activities – hunting and fishing.

However, the Directorate of the Commander Reserve, claim that the rights of indigenous peoples will not be violated, on the contrary, they will get the opportunity to hunt reindeer, which they have been asking for a long time, and the status of the reserve, unlike the National Park, prohibits it.

There are no reactions of regional and federal authorities to the appeal of residents of the Aleutian region.

It is not the first time when the indigenous people of Kamchatka complain about the infringement of their rights in the region. Indigenous peoples limit the right to fish in tribal areas, to hunt, business increasingly encroaches on the aboriginal native lands.

July 22, 2019 at 12:41

. (tagsToTranslate) Hunting (t) Farming and society (t) Hunting societies (t) Hunting farms (t) Clubs (t) deer (t) seal (t) kmns

The MOE gave the top 10 tips for the safe collection of mushrooms

photo: Fotolia.com

photo: Fotolia.com

Rule number 1. Mushrooms can not be collected in plastic bags: they quickly break down and deteriorate. A good willow basket that lets in air or a basket is ideal for gathering.

Rule number 2. Collecting mushrooms, you must be 200% sure that the mushroom that falls into the basket is edible. It is not necessary to collect unfamiliar varieties of mushrooms, as well as too young and, on the contrary, very old mushrooms. You should also avoid soft, watery and rotten mushrooms – such prey can be recovered.

Rule number 3. A good way to avoid poisonous mushrooms for inexperienced mushroom pickers is to pick mushrooms only mushrooms with legs under a hat: there are no deadly poisonous varieties among them.

Rule number 4. Rescuers strongly recommend taking a satin-determinant of mushrooms with them for a “quiet hunt” and carefully compare a growing mushroom with a picture. In case of the slightest doubt, it is better not to take a mushroom.

Rule number 5. EMERCOM employees dispelled several myths. First, the blackening silver teaspoon, placed in water with boiled mushrooms, or onions painted during cooking, does not indicate the poisonousness of the contents of the pan. As well as the bitter taste of mushrooms, it also does not always indicate its toxicity. Moreover, many dangerous mushrooms, such as the Amanita, have a sweet and pleasant taste.

Rule number 6. In no case should mushrooms be collected on roadsides with heavy traffic, near industrial enterprises, as well as growing in the moats or at the edge of the forest. “Mushrooms easily absorb heavy metals and other toxic substances,” the rescuers explain.

Rule number 7. Going to the forest for mushrooms should take care of protection from ticks or snakes. You must wear comfortable clothes, and also bring a jacket or raincoat.

Rule number 8. Mushrooms – heavy food. You should not give them to children under 12 years old and people who have problems with the gastrointestinal tract.

Rule number 9. EMERCOM employees remind that among the victims of mushroom poisoning there are also experienced mushroom pickers.

Rule number 10. Rescuers recalled the first symptoms of mushroom poisoning: if nausea, abdominal pain, fever, diarrhea, heart rhythm disorder, or severely dilated pupils appeared after the meal, you should immediately call a doctor. The first signs of mushroom poisoning can appear only after 12-14 hours.

Rescuers also separately remind that edible mushrooms can become poisonous under adverse environmental conditions.

“Growing up near industrial enterprises, chemical plants, highways, where toxic substances are released into the water and atmosphere, mushrooms absorb mercury, lead, cadmium and other heavy metals, and therefore become hazardous to health,” the rescuers memo says;

July 22, 2019 at 12:54

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Images of foxes on coins

Photo by the author.

Photo by the author.

The remaining coins belong to the category of so-called memorabilia, and they are minted, based on collectors and small investors, of gold and silver.

Sometimes these coins are decorated with inlays of precious stones.

From the coins of the topic under consideration such coins with inserts in the eyes of foxes of small natural diamonds were released by the Republic of Belarus and the island of Fiji.

For Belarus, this is the golden 20 rubles of the 2002 issue.

On the reverse of the coin, where the head of the red fox is placed, is written its Latin name – “Vulpes vulpes”.

Coin Fiji generally has an unusual appearance – it has the shape of a mask in the form of a fox head.

The coin with the nominal value of $ 5 is minted from gold in 2018 and is included in the “Masks of Animals” series. Two diamonds are also inserted into the eyes of this beast.

Photo by the author.

Austria in 2016 devoted to foxes a gold coin with a face value of 100 euros. On its obverse, there is a fox in the grass, on the reverse – a fox with two foxes.

From European countries, Andorra in 1997 issued a silver coin with the face value of 10 diners with a fox and a fox.

Most of all the varieties of coins with the image of foxes released Canada. These are silver 300 Canadian dollars (CAD) of 1993 with a family of foxes, 450 CAD of 2003 with a fox on the background of a mining shaft, an investment silver coin weighing one troy ounce with a color image of a red fox on the reverse, and another again with a color image of two foxes running on the prairie.

In 2019 in the series “Fauna of Canada” 20 CAD came out with a color image of a pair of foxes under a tree.

In Asia, Mongolia in 2018, one of the silver coins with a face value of 500 tugriks from the series "Spirits of the forest" dedicated to the fox.

Photo by the author.

Some of the Pacific Island States have issued memorable coins as an important item in their budget. These coins are minted on the largest mints of the world, and therefore they are of high quality.

Two of these, in addition to those mentioned by Fiji, namely the Cook Islands and Niue, have not forgotten about foxes. On behalf of the first in 2014, they minted two silver New Zealand dollars with the image of a red fox on the reverse.

On the obverse is traditionally placed a portrait of the English Queen Elizabeth II. Of the two Niue coins, one has a rectangular shape and is part of the “Art of Hunting” series. In the background is a scene of the traditional English horseback hunting fox, and next to the red fox is a hunting dog. The coin is made of silver and has a face value of 1 New Zealand dollar.

The second of the same denomination – the usual round was released in 2015. In the foreground we see an image of a red fox, and in the background – a winter fox hunting for small rodents – a little muscle.

Israel minted a series of silver coins under the common name "Biblical flora and fauna."

In this series, in 1995, two face value of 1 and 2 shekels “Fox and Grapes” were issued. Both coins have the same pattern.

On the obverse – a bunch of grapes, on the reverse – a fox.
The named biblical story formed the basis of Krylov's fable "The Fox and Grapes."

Andrey Baranovsky
                     July 23, 2019 at 05:46

. (tagsToTranslate) Russian hunting newspaper (t) Hunting (t) Facilities and societies (t) Hunting societies (t) Hunting facilities (t) Clubs (t) boar (t) elk (t) animals on coins

Leskhoz directors arrested for killing moose cows

photo: Ministry of Internal Affairs in the Novosibirsk region

photo: Ministry of Internal Affairs in the Novosibirsk region

The detention of three men for illegal hunting in a forest near the village of Voronikh was reported to the Ministry of Interior in the Novosibirsk region.

The police said that residents of Kyshtovka at the age of 44, 45 and 53 years were stopped on a tracked all-terrain vehicle on suspicion of elk slaughter.

Near the body of an animal, inspectors and policemen saw tracks from caterpillars.

“The men were taken to the police station for investigation. It has been established that they shot the moose without having the appropriate permission, ”the regional headquarters of the Ministry of Internal Affairs reported.

According to a source Sibkray.ru, among the detainees was the director of the Kyshtovsky forestry, Alexei Mitryakov and another employee of the forestry.

The all-terrain vehicle on which they went out for illegal hunting belongs to the leshoz. A moose cow was killed, with two foals left.

“This is all from a sense of impunity. Residents of Kyshtovka repeatedly went to the gatherings – because of problems with the late procurement of firewood, but they also spoke about poaching, ”said Dmitry Stakhanovsky, deputy of the Kyshtovsky District Council of Deputies.

“I have bundles of addresses from residents, and they wrote to the Ministry of Natural Resources. But there was no reaction. ”

Currently, a criminal case has been opened into illegal hunting in the Kyshtovsky district. The question of the preventive measure against detainees.

The director of the leshoz is being searched.

July 23, 2019 at 05:54

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