Woodcock chick transfer confirmed

Archibald THORBURN illustration

Archibald THORBURN illustration

The path ran through the forest, moved along the old, but clear from the rubble forest road.

In the middle of the forest, along the way, glades occasionally came across.

Driving into another glade, they saw a woodcock fluttering out from under the wheel, which flew no more than three meters and sat down.

Immediately stopped the car, deciding that they will now find a woodcock nest.

At the same time they knew that the scientific group "Woodcock" always asks to record such finds and report them.

Carefully got out of the car and carefully began to inspect the soil. Almost immediately noticed a woodcock chick, already large enough, he tried to escape.

Stopped, fearing to crush other chicks, but no one else was found. While looking out for the terrain in the hope of finding a brood, they lost sight of the first chick he saw, who, no doubt, was hiding.

We decided to examine the place where, after takeoff, an adult bird sat down.

They came to the intended place, and no more than a meter away, the hunters saw a flying woodcock, which was held in the paws of a chick, obviously not the one that they saw running among the grass.

Woodcock with a chick in its paws flew no more than five meters and sank into a dense shrub. They didn’t disturb the family, started a karakat and drove on.

This event took place on May 27 around 4 pm on the territory of the Kineshma District of the Ivanovo Region.

Sergey Buslaev
                     July 23, 2019 at 06:03

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Wolf: total extermination or population management?

Photo Pixabay

Photo Pixabay

To this end, he specifically, at the request of the Chairman of the NTS Ye.K. Eskova, flew to Moscow from Sochi.

The meeting of the Council was held in Balashikha, in the Russian State Correspondence Agrarian University.

The lecture was invited to students of the Faculty of Game Management and Bioecology, future hunting biologists, who are at this time at the session, as well as students in the magistracy.

Some of them know the wolf firsthand.

They asked questions and shared their observations.

Anatoly Nikolaevich has been dealing with the problem of the wolf for 50 years. In the second half of the last century, a predator population began to decline in Russia. Of great importance at that time was the permission to use poisons.

Also an important role was played by the promotion of hunters: the state paid 150 rubles for the prey of a she-wolf, 100 rubles for the prey of a wolf and 50 rubles for the little wolf.

In the 1990s, these rewards were canceled, and the wolf later became a hunting species. Its number increased, wolf-dog hybrids appeared, which can only be visually distinguished from the third or fourth generation. The wolf's behavior has also changed.

The speaker spoke in great detail about the features of the biology of the wolf. Real, "wild" wolves do not have contact with humans. They live in a territory remote from people, feed on wild animals, remain wary and all the habits of wild relatives.

Such wolves live in the mountains of the Caucasus. "Synanthropic" groups of wolves live next to a person. They feed in landfills, garbage dumps, cause damage to small and cattle; mastered the habitat for felling. Here they feel very comfortable.

In the Caucasus, there has never been a sharp drop in the number of wolves. In the pursuit of human "wild" groups went into the mountains. There the hunting of wolves is very difficult.

There are 4 geographical populations of the wolf in the Caucasus:

West Caucasus, with a center in the Caucasus Reserve;
Central Caucasus, with its center in Kabardino-Balkaria;
East Caucasian, mountainous, with the center in the mountainous Dagestan;
East Caucasian plain, with the center in the Caspian lowland.

Each population has its own number, habits and degree of synanthropization. The plain steppe population is characterized by a large proportion of wolf-dog hybrids.

Due to this and the behavior there, the pre-war area of ​​the number of wolves was restored.

By the way, wolf-dog hybrids are always obtained from putting a wild she-wolf and a dog. And male wolves never mate with female dogs.

Data on the extraction and registration of the number of wolves show that the most "wolf" regions in the south of Russia are the Krasnodar Territory and Dagestan.

At the same time, in the Krasnodar Territory, only about 250 wolves (30% of the population) and 2,100 jackals are hunted annually. In Dagestan, about 39% of wolves of the population are harvested. In the Chechen Republic, even less – 13%. But in Kalmykia almost 73%!

Observations and monitoring in Dagestan showed an increase in the number of wolves and jackals from 2007–2008. Until now. Previously, these two species were antagonists, but now they have become tolerant of each other.

The reason for this – the increase in the proportion of wolf-dog hybrids. According to A.N. Kudaktina, the time has come not to exterminate the wolves on the spot, but to control their numbers based on the knowledge of the biology of the species.

As shown by the analysis of the skulls and teeth of wolves taken from hunters, hardened animals make up less than 10% of the prey. This is especially true when hunting salary with flags. Losses suffered by wolves as a result of hunting are quickly restored at the expense of the annual offspring.

In the wolf pack, mother wolves play the main role. They choose the territory, places for lairs, feeding, transitions, etc. A hardened wolf, visiting a den and bringing food, each time comes to him in a different way, leaving almost no traces.

With the death of a she-wolf in the group, chaos begins. A new pair is formed only within 2-4 years. A new family is going to the fringe sections of the group. There is the introduction of new adult wolves, with constant territorial conflicts.

Sometimes the death of a mother stimulates an increase in the number of wolves in a given territory due to the introduction of new individuals. A perennial pair of wolves protect their plots and keep their numbers stable.

Knowing such a family, it is enough to annually destroy only wolves. After their death, adult wolves stop killing ungulates and switch to rodents and rabbits, as they now need to feed only themselves.

Of course, the management of populations in each region should have its own specifics. In places of intensive animal husbandry, the presence of large areas of specially protected territories it is very difficult to fight a wolf.

It should be borne in mind that among the wolf groups there is food specialization. There are hares, hares, scavengers.

So, for example, after the fall in the number of wild boar due to ASF, a sharp decline in wolf groups specializing in wild boar was noted. But, in principle, with a shortage of the main feed resource, they can switch to other feed.

A special problem is the regulation of the number of the flat (steppe) wolf population. There are many wolf-dog hybrids with different behavioral features. There have been cases of attacks on livestock, when domestic dogs barked and were distracted by a part of the pack, while several wolves slaughtered and carried away livestock.

It is necessary in the habitats of synanthropic groups of wolves to allow their year-round shooting, that is, to return to the previous rules of hunting.

In the regions, it is necessary to introduce the state post of a professional wolffish, which must be at least one specialist in three or four districts. Of course, he should receive a fairly high salary, be biologically literate and conduct regular monitoring of wolf populations.

He must organize the search for lairs, the removal of wolf puppies from them and carry out battled hunting for wolves during the winter months. At the same time it is advisable not to touch the mountain populations of wolves at all.

The speaker also dwelt on another form – the jackal, whose range is quickly restored, the beast moves and settles in other regions of Russia. He is met in the Saratov, Voronezh regions, Stavropol Territory and even in some regions of southern Central Russia.

A great positive role in the distribution of the species is played by the revival of agriculture and the creation of protective forest belts in which the animals move. An important role is played by increasing the fecundity of the species.

Earlier, about four puppies were noted at the jackal in the litter, now it is already 7-8. As a food resource, in addition to mouse-like rodents, pheasants increasingly act.

Intensive breeding of pheasants and their regular release into lands has led to the fact that today the pheasant has become a common view of the Kuban. In addition, jackals are actively feeding on waste dumps and dumps. Foxes cannot compete with them. Their numbers have decreased dramatically.

Eating mostly mouse-like rodents in the field, they repeatedly became victims of mass poisoning, picking up mice on the fields of the dead from chemicals.

To fight the jackal, it is necessary to allow its year-round shooting and significantly increase the cash premium for the extraction of females, while shooting the males and puppies to be encouraged by non-monetary funds (issuing free vouchers and hunting licenses, etc.).

The co-rapporteur was the chairman of the Moscow Society of Hunters and Fishermen, Candidate of Biological Sciences V.M. Kiryakulov. He spoke about wolves in the grounds of the MOOiR.

Lands MOOiR make up most of the hunting grounds of the region and occupy 3 million 200 thousand hectares. The number of wolves is regulated by staff members of hunting farms in the amount of 436 people. Now the number of the wolf is 30 heads. How many family groups are unclear.

Mostly wolf is found in peripheral areas on the borders with neighboring areas: Smolensk, Kaluga, Tver, Ryazan. Most likely, these are alien individuals, they come and go. Recently, a pair of wolves was noted in the New Moscow region.

Sergey Fokin
                     July 24, 2019 at 13:22

. (tagsToTranslate) Russian hunting newspaper (t) Hunting (t) Facilities and societies (t) Hunting societies (t) Hunting facilities (t) Clubs (t) wolves (t) wolf (t) wobble (t) den

Epilogue to the Year of Ecology

Photo Pixabay

Photo Pixabay

Let me remind readers: 12/27/2016 a meeting of the State Council was held, and they were given a start to the “Year of Ecology” in Russia.

V. Putin noted: “It is clear that the work is to be long-term …

But if you do not start large-scale events in this direction, we will always mark time, referring to the fact that there is not enough money to solve current problems, this will not allow us to move on to solving strategic problems.

It is no longer possible to postpone it later. ”

At the meeting, a frightening figure was announced: about 63 million tons of solid household and industrial waste accumulate in Russia in a year. Of these, only 4% is recycled, and then the most backward method is incineration.

S. Donskoy, the then Minister of the Ministry of Natural Resources, immediately declared: “We are very grateful to the President for the decision on the Year of Ecology.”

The Ministry of Natural Resources apparently couldn’t think of it before. According to experts, the environmental situation remains alarming in many regions of the country. And they recognize Krasnoyarsk as a zone of ecological disaster, because of its largest aluminum plant in the world.

Norilsk is considered to be the dirtiest cities with the Norilsk Nickel complex and Lipetsk, in which more than 90% of 322 thousand tons of emissions come from the Novolipetsk Metallurgical Combine. ”

These enterprises belong to the oligarchs of Russia. Here you have the social responsibility of business.

In Moscow, harmful emissions amount to 1 million tons per year, of which 93% is accounted for by cars. Everyone remembers the dump near Sheremetyevo Airport. They would have carried the garbage there, but it became necessary to build a runway, and the dump was closed. At its liquidation took 1.5 billion rubles.

One can only guess what money the garbage mafia "earned". But the problem remains. Now Moscow is allegedly trying to export waste to the Arkhangelsk and Vologda regions. There, people go to rallies against such "investments."

On the eighth of April of this year, information arrived: in the Moscow region the banks of the Klyazma river are strewn with dead fish; Previously, a similar picture was observed on Pakhra. In the suburbs this spring, such messages sounded more than once. Who is poisoning the rivers? No answer. What can we say for the whole of Russia …

Today, about 82 million tons of waste are buried in landfills in Russia. For the year per capita Russians accumulate 445 kg. Do not be afraid, dear reader.

For example, in the USA, 230 million tons of waste are produced annually, about 760 kg per person. But there is no such acute problem as here.

The total area of ​​landfills, sanctioned and unauthorized dumps in Russia, just think, dear reader, is equal to the area of ​​the whole of Switzerland (4.12 million hectares)!

V. Putin warned the State Council: “If we continue to manage with half measures and refer to more important tasks, by 2050 the emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases will reach a critical limit. And that means, you and I understand perfectly well, we will leave to future generations an unfit for life environment. ”

An attentive reader will ask, but what are the results of the “Year of Ecology”? The special representative of the president of the Russian Federation, S. Ivanov, called positive that about 80 thousand tons of waste was exported from the Arctic. And it's all?

Chairman of the Public Council under the Ministry of Natural Resources and Academician of RAS N. Kasimov acknowledged: “The flaws are that the strategic projects of the Year of Ecology – Clean Country, Wildlife, the preservation of the Volga, Lake Baikal are not sufficiently developed.”

D. Mironov, coordinator of the ONF Public Monitoring Center on the problems of ecology and forest protection, said: “Unfortunately, this year the situation with the implementation of reforms in the field of waste management is not so bright. And this is primarily due to the hasty adoption of territorial schemes in which mistakes were made. Thanks to the amendments of ONF activists, it is forbidden to sell land in national parks and reserves in private hands. ”

We have, it turns out, that was it! But the chairman of the State Duma Committee on Ecology and Environmental Protection, V. Burmatov, turned out to be more outspoken: “Unfortunately, the Ministry of Natural Resources has not fully fulfilled any instructions from the President of the Russian Federation within the framework of the Year of Ecology.”

Many dates were broken, including on environmental impact assessment, installation of meters at polluters and others. We were forced to take on some of the orders. For example, the reform of waste management.

Yes, and no wonder. 200 billion rubles were planned for all the events. Of these, 84% of extra-budgetary funds, 12% of regional and 4% of the federal budget. Penny …

Some results of the “Year of Ecology” confirmed the validity of the critical attitude to the effectiveness of the action plan developed by the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation against the background of obvious disregard by the authorities for the current environmental protection documents.

This was confirmed by the story of the Chinese plant "Akvasib" dealing with the spill of Baikal water, which is being built in the village of Kultuk on the shore of Baikal. The coastal zone in the village was dug up in trenches, and pipes were laid in them to Baikal.

The building is surrounded by a tall fence, and the Chinese are not allowed to enter the plant. The journalists tried to photograph the plant with the help of a copter, but the Chinese immediately shot it down.

According to the data of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, in recent years, up to 150 wagons of Siberian timber have been illegally transported to China daily. What do local officials say about this?

Irkutsk Region Governor Levchenko flatly denied the plant, although two years ago he personally called it a priority investment project. The prosecutor's office suspended construction, and the city court of Irkutsk on March 27 acknowledged that the environmental impact assessment and the construction permit had been issued illegally.

Yes, Lake Baikal must be protected. And not so much from the Chinese, but primarily from the thieving and corrupt our officials.

04/09/2019 on TV D. Medvedev expressed concern – the problem with waste is acute. That we already know. From his mouth, I would like to hear – "how, who, on what means and in what time it solves these problems."

These are the bitter results of the Year of Ecology.

Viktor Gurov
                     July 25, 2019 at 11:03

. (tagsToTranslate) Russian hunting newspaper (t) Hunting (t) Facilities and societies (t) Hunting societies (t) Hunting facilities (t) Clubs (t) bear (t) baikal (t) lynx (t) year of ecology

Volodin defends hunters to increase the duration of a weapon permit to 15 years

photo: Semina Mikhail

photo: Semina Mikhail

The validity of permits for the storage and carrying of long-barreled firearms and pneumatic weapons, used exclusively for hunting, can be increased threefold – from five to 15 years.

The corresponding bill was prepared pursuant to the instructions of the State Duma Chairman Vyacheslav Volodin and submitted to the Chamber on July 23.

In the interests of three million hunters

In May 2019, following a meeting with representatives of the hunting community in the State Duma, Vyacheslav Volodin instructed the head of the State Duma Committee on Security and Anti-Corruption Vasily Piskarev to prepare a draft law extending the validity of permits to carry and store hunting weapons.

Under current law, you need to renew documents every five years. And for this, Russians need to provide the authorized body with a medical certificate and certificates of the absence of prohibited substances in the body.

As a result, re-registrations turn for hunters into endless waste of nerves, effort, and money: citizens, especially those living in remote areas or representing the indigenous peoples of the North, have to come to the regional center several times, paying for travel and accommodation, examination, inquiries, as well as state fees.

And sometimes it turns out that the total cost of the procedure is comparable to the price of the gun itself. Therefore, it was decided to extend the validity of permits.

“The draft law on extending the period of re-registration of hunting weapons from 5 to 15 years is aimed at supporting more than three million hunters registered in Russia,” said one of the authors of the document, Vasily Piskarev.

At the same time, the deputy noted that the adoption of the draft will not affect the control over the circulation of weapons.

“The control will continue in full and on a permanent basis, as before, since the proposed amendments do not affect the authority of the Russian Guard and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation in this area,” he stressed. “The initiative was worked out jointly with the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation and the Rosgvardia and was conceptually supported by them.”

Cut without smooth-bore

A little earlier, on June 20, the State Duma Committee on Security and Anti-Corruption recommended to adopt in the first reading another bill concerning hunters.

A group of deputies, including Vasily Piskarev, offered to ease the conditions for the acquisition of civilian rifle weapons by hunters and sportsmen, to make repairs and maintenance more accessible, and to support domestic manufacturers of gunsmiths.

“In particular, hunters will be able to sell smooth-bore weapons, and this will not be an obstacle to owning a rifle with a rifled barrel,” said Vasily Piskarev.

According to the current standards, the presence of smooth-bore weapons in the arsenal of the hunter is a prerequisite for the purchase of rifled.

In addition, in the event of a law being adopted, it will be possible to repair and undergo service maintenance of weapons not only from manufacturers, but also in other workshops that have the appropriate license.

According to the authors of the bill, this will stimulate the development of small and medium-sized businesses in this area and, again, will help save a lot of money by the hunters themselves, who now do not have to go hundreds of kilometers to the manufacturer to repair the gun.

The minimum for the applicant

However, on the eve it became known that the Ministry of Natural Resources intends to toughen the procedure for obtaining a hunting ticket necessary for the possession of weapons.

The draft amendments have already been developed by the department and are being finalized taking into account the comments received from the federal executive bodies.

In particular, the draft law spells out the necessity of checking the knowledge of the requirements of the minimum of citizens who want to receive the specified document.

The fact that the issuance of licenses for firearms requires a more thoughtful approach is not for the first year the first deputy chairman of the Duma Committee on Ecology and Environmental Protection Nikolay Valuev.

“Hunter certificates are issued free of charge today, while applicants do not need to pass the hunt minimums, exams on knowledge of the rules of hunting, which has caused a lot of people with weapons who don’t know how to handle them properly,” said Valuyev. He noted that such "pseudo-hunters" are a danger, especially for themselves.

The initiative of the Ministry of Natural Resources is supported in the hunting community, but with caution.

“Examinations should be,” agrees Valery Kuzenkov, State Duma expert on hunting management. – However, the officials, it seems to me, do not calculate the next steps: who will take the examinations from the applicants and when, and most importantly, how much will it cost? On the one hand, we simplify the procedure for re-registration of weapons, and on the other, we complicate the possibility of using them for their intended purpose. ”

Gennady Melnik
                     July 26, 2019 at 13:42

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Firebird

Photo by the author.

Photo by the author.

Often it is necessary to observe how pheasants in Finland endure the winter, walking around the village and even along the footpath.

Sometimes they fly on the fences and arrange cock rolls.

Pheasant settles in places where there is abundant vegetation and water.

In case of danger, he flees, and only in extreme cases rises to the wing.

At the end of winter pheasants begin to pick up a place for their current.

But, unlike the black grouses, they do not gather in groups, but rather sing separately on their plots and protect their plot from other roosters.

Photo by the author.

Making sounds like an ordinary rooster, flapping their wings and waiting for the females. Some roosters gather around several females. The current lasts about three months.

Pheasant is one of the valuable hunting birds and, with proper protection and food supply, will be a good gastronomic product on the hunter's table.

Pheasant meat in its taste is reminiscent of chicken.

Alexander Nazarov
                     July 26, 2019 at 1:51 pm

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Changed the conditions for the conclusion of hunting agreements

photo: Ignatova Valentina

photo: Ignatova Valentina

According to one of the authors of the bill, Deputy Chairman of the Federation Council Committee on Agrarian and Food Policy and Environmental Management, Vladimir Lebedev, the amendments clarify the types of payments made under hunting agreements.

From the list of conditions included in the hunting agreements, the annual amount of rent for land and forest areas within the hunting grounds is excluded.

It also clarifies a number of information that should be contained in the notice of the auction – now instead of information about the annual amount of fees for the use of objects of the animal world, information on fees paid for the use of such objects during the year should be indicated.

The initial price of the subject of the auction (i.e., the initial price of the right to enter into a hunting agreement) includes the product of collection rates for the use of wildlife and quotas for hunting resources for the previous year.

And in the absence of such quotas, as the units of calculation, the standards for permissible withdrawal of hunting resources for the previous year are used.

The terms of hunting agreements concluded prior to the day of entry into force of the Federal Law must be brought into compliance by June 1, 2020.

Nikita Vyatchanin
                     July 26, 2019 at 14:13

. (tagsToTranslate) Hunting (t) Facilities and societies (t) Hunting societies (t) Hunting facilities (t) Clubs (t) hunting rules (t) hunting agreements (t) long-term license

Ob. The first pancake is lumpy.

This season I haven’t yet caught from a boat on the Ob, but it’s time.

We decide with Andrey to start the sutra before.

07/11/19. Time to dinner, so not far.

Morning, Ob, few people. Lepot The water is very warm, turbid.


We hollow a jig of perski and snags, a relief and watering. In general, wherever possible.

And only small pike perch bite. Foam rubber, mandala, rubber – the result is the same.

Catch, let go.


It's sad.

We are going to the canal, we decided to look for a pike in the grass and drive a non-goose-hoe.


Pike is, about the size is not very. Unloaded rubber, fluctuated, spinnerbaits. All is one.


Moved to another duct, deeper, with a tightness.

From the riverbed to the jig, there were empty poklevki, but from the coastal edge, right on the grass, Andrey took a couple of kilosheks.

Where is the big one? How many with comrades did not speak, while not very much at all. Will seek.

Night hunting.

Summer, July.

It's time to look for night wolves – zander.

For a long time with friends we go on such fishing. It is a lot of pluses: catching is interesting, there is no daytime heat and there are almost no competitors.

But it is not always possible to see the perch.

By 6 pm on the spot. While collecting the boat, a motorboat approached the point. Twisted, caught, left empty.

Swum out, passed with an echo sounder. We looked at the relief – Pepida from 7 to 1.5 m. There is a lot of fodder fish. And the silhouettes of the predator are not visible.

While it is light, we are trying to jig and twitch wobblers. Several poklevok on the jig-bitten tail of foam rubber, plucked silicone.

Something like one word, kilo two hundred.


Hope for twilight and night.

Because of the smog, the sun is terrible.

It is getting dark, and there are no predator flops. Poklevok the same no.

Already midnight, the shutter speed is already running out. Around the silence, the fish as evaporated.

We start to think about the camp and revenge on the matte.

And then I get hit on megabass vision oneten plus 1. And on the cord came a lively rival. The dream disappeared like a hand.

And here he is in the net. Not bad!


Almost immediately, Andrew will get a bite. but unfortunately by. Nearby is a characteristic sudary splash

But … No luck, the output was very short. For more than an hour wobblers drove, tried and jig. Silence.

Swam to the camp on the side. Get up at 4. Yeah barely teared]]]


In the morning on the point again silence. Something like a few perch caught.

Let's go search. As a result, the Okushka up to 100-150 grams was caught in small wobblers.

July is not happy yet, we will not spit fishing, we will find a fish]]]

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