Kazakhstan will open the hunt for argali for 100 thousand dollars

photo: Fotolia.com

photo: Fotolia.com

This project involves the study of the impact on the population of limited seizures – up to 1% of the total population – of old males who have left the reproductive age.

For the shooting of old males, it is planned to attract foreign tourists-hunters who are ready, in addition to the market price for such a hunt, to allocate funds for the study, preservation and restoration of the species in our country.

This wild animal restoration mechanism is successfully used in the USA, Canada, Tajikistan, Mongolia, and Kyrgyzstan.

“We are completing the stage of developing a model for sustainable development of hunting tourism. Much work has been done.

In the state program of tourism development until 2025 there is a separate line on the development of hunting tourism as a promising type of tourism.

During the year, the mechanism was worked out by American colleagues. This work is related to scientific justification.

The experience of neighboring states shows when Red Book animals in a certain volume are shot, the population not only decreases, but, on the contrary, grows. This is a global experience.

We want to work out the model. Older individuals need to shoot, it will contribute to the growth of the population. In nature, everything must be in balance.

Trophy hunting tourism is a kind of balance, ”said Timur Duysengaliyev, deputy chairman of the board of Kazakh Tourism JSC, at a round table in the capital.

The cost of argali starts from 100 thousand dollars. According to the adviser to the chairman of the board of KazakhTourism JSC, Batyr Seikenov, most of the funds allocated for hunting will go to science.

“Mongolia sells 70-80 heads of argali sells per year, in Tajikistan – 40. If we enter the market, we will become expensive sellers in the market. We have 6 subspecies of argali. Hunters are the people who come for impressions, trophies, ”noted Batyr Seikenov.

“Why do hunters from all over the world want to come to us? The Kazakhstan subspecies of argali is found only on the territory of our country. Therefore, they are ready to pay huge money – 100 thousand dollars, ”he added.

“If we launch hunters who bring money, there will be an opportunity to invest this money in the development of the argali population.

A foreign hunter arrives, pays for the withdrawal. This money goes to the budget of Kazakhstan – about 12 thousand dollars. For the organization of hunting pays about 15-20 thousand dollars, as it will be accompanied by huntsmen, food, etc.

All other money goes to the development of science, to protection from poachers, genetics. All this money is directed to the preservation of this subspecies.

A foreigner needs only horns, the rest of the organs we will take to the study. After examining the organs, we can prevent disease. This is being done in all developed countries, ”said Batyr Seikenov.

In Kazakhstan, there are more than 16 thousand different types of argali. As noted in the national company, this year a regulatory legal act will be prepared, which will allow to engage in this type of activity. The process can begin as early as 2020.

July 10, 2019 at 09:40

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Yakutians canceled live queues for hunting permits

photo: Fotolia.com

photo: Fotolia.com

According to the changes, a queue will be formed only for submitting an application for the extraction of limited types of hunting resources in order to carry out hunting in public hunting grounds.

Electronic placement is carried out from the fourth Thursday of July of the current (July 25, 2019) from 18:00, through the portal of state and municipal services of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) www.e-yakutia.ru.

To enter the electronic queue, you must have a valid account in the Unified Identification and Authentication System (www.e-yakutia.ru) and a hunting ticket of a single federal sample.

When electronic recording, the applicant receives an electronic queue number indicating the date and time, according to which he comes to the reception of the Department of hunting and specially protected natural areas during working hours from 9.00 to 18.00 (lunch time from 13.00 to 14.00 ., day off – Saturday, Sunday) to apply for a permit for the extraction of limited types of hunting resources in publicly accessible hunting areas at the address: Yakutsk, ul. Kurashova 30/1, room 206.

Permission to the extraction of hunting resources, on which the limit of their extraction is set, according to the electronic record is issued only to the person who has registered in the electronic queue or his legal representative.

The Ministry of Environment of Yakutia notes that other types of queues are illegitimate and applications for them will not be accepted.

July 10, 2019 at 09:48

. (tagsToTranslate) Hunting (t) Farming and society (t) Hunting societies (t) Hunting farms (t) Clubs (t) Yakutia (t) deer (t) wolf (t) fox

Burmatov interceded for the Baikal seals

photo: Fotolia.com

photo: Fotolia.com

In the spring of 2019, the initiative of the Ministry of Natural Resources of the Russian Federation to change the standards of harmful effects on the ecosystem of Lake Baikal was discussed.

It was planned to make changes to the order No. 63 existing since 2010 “On approval of standards for maximum permissible impacts on the unique ecological system of Lake Baikal and the list of harmful substances, including substances belonging to the categories of especially dangerous, highly dangerous, dangerous and moderately dangerous for a unique environmental system of Lake Baikal "and reduce the requirements for wastewater, which were supposed to merge into Baikal.

According to a number of scientists, the new requirements significantly increased the permissible mass of substances discharged with sewage into the lake and posed a danger to its ecology.

“The order passed the hearing and was preparing for adoption, but we wrote an official appeal addressed to Minister Dmitry Kobylkin with a request to return the order for revision and discuss it with the scientific community, because, in my opinion, the indicators are not finalized and greatly overestimated, which is unacceptable. To date, the order has not been signed, has not been registered, and has been returned for discussion with experts and with the scientific community, ”said Vladimir Burmatov.

The chairman of the ecology committee also touched upon the fate of the Baikal seal, the Baikal seal, which lives only on Lake Baikal and is no longer found anywhere in nature.

According to Burmatov, not so long ago an attempt was made to resolve the hunt for the Baikal seal, under the pretext that it bred too much.

“I think that the measure was unacceptable, since no one told us the exact number of individuals,” the deputy noted. – We had a conversation in the government, and when they tried to convince me that the hunt could be resolved, I asked to show the calculations.

It turned out that no one thought of a nerp, although in the winter period this was done elementary. Just someone decided that the hunt can be resolved, and came up with the idea that the seals divorced too much.

We managed to stop this situation, no one tries to revise it, but if they do, our position will remain the same: we cannot risk an endemic species. ”

Burmatov also believes that there is no need to mark the Baikal seals using satellite radio beacons, because their habitats are understandable, and counting the number of individuals is easy to conduct in the winter. In addition, tagging can harm animals.

In July 2019, the expedition, organized by the Lake Baikal Foundation, will start, during which the Baikal seal will be tagged using satellite radio beacons, which will allow you to monitor the migration of animals in the lake for several months.

July 10, 2019 at 09:59

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The danger of trophy hunting for bighorn sheep

photo: Fotolia.com

photo: Fotolia.com

In the Amur Region, the Tokinsko-Stanovoy National Park is being designed on the site of the existing regional Tokino Reserve named after G.A. Fedoseev.

One of the main tasks of the reserve and the park being created is to preserve the population group of bighorn sheep.

The subspecies inhabiting here is Allen's ram listed in the Red Books of the Amur Region and Yakutia.

In the Amur region, thorny horns of this subspecies inhabit a narrow strip of the highlands of Tokinsky Stanovik (the eastern section of the Stanovy Range), and are occasionally noted on the Dzhugdyr Range; in Yakutia, the northern macroslope of Tokinsky Stanovik and certain parts of the Aldan Highlands.

Even according to the most optimistic estimates, the total number of Allen sheep in the Amur Region and Yakutia does not exceed 800–1000 individuals (Red Book of the Sakha Republic, 2003; Red Book of the Amur Region, 2009).

A significant proportion of the livestock of this rare subspecies is concentrated within two bordering PAs that occupy the central part of Tokinsky Stanovik: from the Amur side – the Tokinsky sanctuary; from the Yakutsk side – Lake Big Toko Resource Reserve.

Until recently, these specially protected areas of regional significance successfully coped with the task of protecting bighorn sheep.

The risk of negative human impact on the population grouping of Allen rams is increasing.

Across the western part of Tokinsky Stanovik, the Ulak-Elga railway and automobile routes were laid, from which it became possible for ATVs to penetrate directly to the ram's habitats.

photo: Fotolia.com

To the north – in the neighboring Yakutia there is the Elginskoye coal deposit, which has been developed since 2000.

From the south-west, large-scale deforestation occurs, conducted mainly by Chinese workers who are known for their poaching tendencies.

On the east side, large-scale geological exploration of the nickel deposit (the mouth of the Ayumkan river and the Kun-Manyer river basin) is underway, which is currently entering the final stage, after which it is planned to be developed.

However, at present, trophy hunting poses the greatest danger to the snow sheep of the Amur Region and southern Yakutia.

Members of the Evenk communities “Yuktyu” (Spring) and “Taiga” periodically register cases of the use of helicopters on Tokinsky Stanovik for hunting.

Obviously, the main purpose of this expensive “pleasure” are bighorn sheep. The bighorn is a valuable object of expensive trophy hunting (Zheleznov-Chukotka, 2007).

Cases of prey of these animals from helicopters are widely known. Even when the organizers practice hunting from an approach, customers are always delivered to the habitats of sheep by helicopters, which bothers the animals.

Judging by the photo materials posted on the Internet (igor-yazykov.ru/hunting/baran.html), such hunting is carried out not only in the summer-autumn, but also in the winter-spring period.

It is known that anxiety factor, approaching or flying a helicopter, hunting, forces animals to leave local parts of the mountains, rich in food, and move through the snowy floodpipes in search of shelter on rocky slopes.

Often, large herds disintegrate into smaller ones, or animals flee alone. Such movements are extremely dangerous for these ungulates (Fil, Mosolov, 2010).

The facts of the death of up to 40-50% of the population of groups disturbed by people at wintering sites are known (Bromley, Kucherenko, 1983).

Particularly cynical is the holding of trophy hunts on rare ungulates under the pretext of their study and even … protection.

The organizers and participants recently published an article “Snow ram (OVIS NIVICOLA) on the Tokinsky Stanovik ridge near the junction of the borders of the Khabarovsk Territory, the Amur Region and the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)” (Medvedev, Bendersky 2019) about a similar hunt on Tokinsky Stanovik.

It reports on the results of aerial surveys and on the shooting of five males of a bipod in the second half of August – September 2018.

According to the authors, "the shooting was carried out in the Tuguro-Chumikansky district of the Khabarovsk Territory … with special permits issued by the Khabarovsk Committee of Hunting."

This statement contradicts the name and content of the article, since Tokinsky Stanovik does not capture the territory of the Tuguro-Chumikansky district, the nearest point of which is 60 km south-east of the extreme eastern tip of this mountain range.

Read the article "State Duma Deputy Vladislav Reznik, who is a member of the Mountain Hunters Club, proposed to allow the hunting of the Red Book views"

The eastern part of the northern macroslope of Tokinskiy Stanovik includes only the territory of the Ayano-Maisky district of the Khabarovsk Territory, for which no permits were issued for the shooting of hornbills.

The fact that the organizers of the hunt previously took permission to shoot three snowy sheep in the Amur region, where this species is listed in the regional Red Book (2009), also makes one doubt the exact location of the prey.

In addition, directly in the text of the message, it is mentioned that the sheep were shot at Tokinsky Stanovik, and the works and records of this hunting expedition "covered some parts … of the Amur Region and the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in the district of the origins of r. Zeya and Lake Big Toko.

Let us pay attention to the fact that the entire specified territory is under special protection, completely excluding the hunt for the rich horns: from the Yakutsk side there is the “Great Toko Lake” resource reserve; from Amurskaya – GA Tokinsky reserve Fedoseev.

photo: Fotolia.com

That is, the content of the article clearly indicates that bighorn sheep were shot illegally: either within the protected areas of the Amur region and (or) Yakutia, or in the Ayano-May district of the Khabarva region, without the appropriate permits.

In addition, when aerial records in the area of ​​the origins of the river. Zeya and Lake Bolshoi Toko has been grossly violated the protected areas regime, prohibiting flights at altitudes below 1000 m. The recommended flight altitude with aerial surveys 100-125 m (Kuzmin et al., 1984); maximum possible – 200 – 250 m.

All violations reflected in the article D.G. Medvedeva and E.V. Bendersky (2019) gives grounds for the environmental protection structures of the Amur Region, Yakutia, the Khabarovsk Territory and the Russian Federation to thoroughly verify the legality of the actions of the members of the Mountain Hunters Club at Tokinsky Stanovik.

For the time being we will leave on the conscience of the authors the exact place and legality of shooting, as well as an obvious violation of the protected areas regime.

Let us ask ourselves a different question: for what scientific purposes were five (!) Adult animals killed, representing an indisputable genetic and socio-informational asset of a unique, extremely vulnerable population?

They were not presented in the collection of zoological museums – not a word about this in the article. The only valid information in this publication is the standard measurements of the shot bighorn sheep.

Currently, there are well-tested methods for the lifetime removal of biological material for genetic samples. In some types of studies, animal hair is sufficient.

To study the nutrition of wild ungulates, it is not necessary to open their stomachs; usually carry out visual observations of the feeding individuals with the subsequent analysis of food.

The sex-age composition of the shot snow sheep (five adult males) leaves no doubt about the real purpose of this “scientific” event – definitely only trophy hunting!

And the rare subspecies of the Allen ram, not the Yakut ram, was deliberately chosen as the target, the majority of whose populations do not yet cause concern.

Judging by the performances on television, for members of the "Club of Mountain Hunters" it becomes a special chic to collect complete collections of trophies of rare protected species and subspecies of mountain ungulates, including thornhorses.

In 2017, this organization tried to get permission to shoot 6 Putorani snow sheep listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation (KKRF), offering 30 million rubles. … to guard them.

The appeal of the Mountain Hunters Club to the authorities of the Russian Federation stated that they are counting on "cooperation" with other rare animals: the Altai argali (listed in the KKRF; under threat of destruction), the bezoar goat (listed in the KKRF), Kodar and Chukotka snow sheep (the first is in danger of extinction; the second is listed in the CCRF).

Attempts to "scientific" justify the dangerous whim of collecting horns of rare and endangered species of ungulates cast a shadow on the scientific community and undermine the foundations of state environmental policy.

This really threatens the safety of the most vulnerable populations. It is appropriate to recall that the custom, which required young men to get a mountain goat during initiation, led to a catastrophic reduction (in places to complete disappearance) of Severtsov’s tour in most parts of Abkhazia and Svaneti.

Living conditions of mountain ungulates in the Far East are extremely harsh, and the area of ​​optimal biotopes, the number and density of the population are many times lower than in the Western Caucasus.

Read the article "Interview with Edward Bendersky: A Look into the Past and Future"

The negative consequences of “hunting prestige” appear much faster. So, according to N.K. Zheleznova-Chukotka (2018), at present, intensive trophy hunting is already undermining the population group of thorny hills of the northern part of the Koryak highland.

It seems that the activists of the Mountain Hunters Club are preparing the same fate for the snow rams of Tokinsky Stanovik.

Frankly provocative is the proposal of D.G. Medvedeva and E.V. Bendersky (2019) on the creation of specialized hunting farms focused on the extraction of Allen's ram.

Moreover, it is proposed to do this not only in the Khabarovsk Territory, but also in the territories of Yakutia and the Amur Region, where this animal is listed in the regional Red Books and is stored in specially designated protected areas.

The goal of their initiatives "mountain hunters" declare … "the preservation of bighorn sheep and an increase in their number."

It makes no sense to prove that animals are safer in the natural undisturbed habitat, hunting for species and subspecies listed in the Red Book is illegal, violations of the protected areas are unacceptable, and attempts to artificially increase the number of population groups living in extreme conditions are fraught with disastrous consequences ( overgrazing, epizootic, etc.).

Apparently, the common sense of some "researchers" sometimes fades in front of the dazzling prospects of possible profit …

photo: Fotolia.com

Despite the obvious curiosity of the considered publication D.G. Medvedeva and E.V. Bendersky, she clearly outlines the additional risks for populations of snow sheep of the Amur region and Yakutia.

The first step in the prevention of such threats should be a total indefinite ban on shooting of hornbills on the territory of the Amur Region for “scientific” or some other purpose.

On the territory of the Khabarovsk Territory, it is advisable to assess the state of the population of Allen's ram and, possibly, give it protection status.

It is worth considering the possibility of including in the Red Book of the Russian Federation the South Yakutia and Amur population groups of the bastard (a subspecies is the ram of Allen), probably representing a single whole.

At the same time, it is necessary to create PAs on the Khabarovsk side of Tokinsky Stanovik in the basins of the Kuraykandakan, Sargakanda, Idyum and Ege-Salak-Makit rivers.

If this is not done, then, obtaining licenses to hunt within the Khabarovsk part of the ridge, the trophy hunters will continue to threaten the "red-book" groups of Allen's ram, protected in the PAs of the Amur Region and Yakutia.

The creation of the Tokinsko-Stanovoy National Park will be of strategic importance for maintaining the steady state of the Amur population of bighorn sheep.

In our opinion, it is possible to save these animals unique for the Amur region only by the efforts of persons not interested in the extraction of sheep. This will be facilitated by strengthening the protection of the new federal protected areas, the development of scientific work and ecological tourism, which is an integral part of the activity of national parks.

In conclusion, it is worthwhile to separately dwell on the special role of the “Mountain Hunters Club”. This organization, which claims to be involved in scientific research and even in the protection of wildlife, is actually trying to "turn inside out" the generally accepted principles of attitude to the most vulnerable elements of biota.

In recent decades, biological research around the world noticeably humanized. When conducting field observations, bloodless methods are preferred, and other options are not even considered for working with rare and disappearing taxonomic groups.

The Mountain Hunters Club takes a diametrically opposite position, offering “for the sake of science” to shoot representatives of rare and endangered species of animals.

The classics of the national ecological school G.A. Kozhevnikov, N.F. Reimers, F.R. Shtilmark in his works convincingly showed the absolute value of nature for humanity.

In many respects, thanks to their non-utilitarian approach, the conservation system and other environmental protection structures, Russia has repeatedly succeeded in overcoming the ordeals because they worked for the idea.

"Mountain Hunters" actually propose to abandon domestic environmental ethics and legislation in favor of ensuring the whims of rich and super-rich clients.

They demonstrate a complete disregard for the accepted standards of respect for wildlife, openly seeking for themselves the rights to extract rare protected species, including in specially protected areas, up to the creation of hunting farms within the existing protected areas!

Considering the attempts of the Mountain Hunters Club to lobby for their interests at the state level, as well as the significant financial resources of the organizers of elite trophy hunts, we have to admit that the activities of such organizations can undermine not only the populations of rare ungulates, but also the foundations of our country's environmental policy.

And this already carries a real threat to the ecological safety of Russia.

The moment of truth comes: members of the environmental and scientific communities need to prove in practice that not all can be bought, even for very big money.

photo: Fotolia.com

In our opinion, the issuance of permits for “scientific” shooting of rare protected species (subspecies) of animals should be completely stopped.

At the same time, representatives of the Mountain Hunters Club should become persona non grata for all federal and regional environmental protection structures, as well as for theriologists and ecologists who value their scientific reputation.

Literature:

Bromley G.F., Kucherenko S.P. The ungulates of the south of the Far East of the USSR. M. 1983. – p. 194, 232.
Zheleznov-Chukotka N.K. The program of conservation and enhancement of the bighorn sheep in Russia. HISTORY OF HUNTING scientific and practical and theoretical journal Volume 4 No. 3 2007 September – December.
Zheleznov-Chukotka N.K. Feedback to the report "On the counting of the number of bighorn sheep in the public hunting areas of the Anadyr district of the Chukotka Autonomous Region" (PJSC). Executive officer A.A. Turushev. Yelizovo, 2015. Organization – Non-profit partnership “Association of Kamchatka hunting users” M .: 2018. – 8 p.
Club of mountain hunters http://kgo-club.ru/en/otchety-kluba/item/yakutiya-snezhnyj-baran-2.html, (appeal date 20.06.2019).
The Red Book of the Amur region. Rare and endangered species of animal plants and fungi: official publication / Blagoveshchensk: BGPU Publishing House, 2009 – 446 p.
The Red Book of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). V. 2: Rare and endangered animal species (insects, fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals) / Department of Nature Protection of the RS (Y), Department of Biological Resources. – Yakutsk: State Unitary Enterprise NIPK "Sakhapoligraphizdat", 2003. – 208 p.
Kuzmin I.F., Khakhin G.N., Chelintsev N.G. Aviation in hunting. M., Lesn. Prom-st, 1984, 128 p.
Medvedev, D., Bendersky, EV / Mammals of Russia: faunistics and questions of terriogeography. Rostov-on-Don. April 17-19, 2019 M .: Tov. of scientific. KMK Editions – pp. 160 – 163.
Fil I.I., Mosolov V.I. The snow sheep of Kamchatka / V.I. Fil, V.I. Mosolov. – Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky: Kamchatpress, 2010. – 170 p.
Internet resource igor-yazykov.ru/hunting/baran.html

The authors:

Podolsky SA, – Ph.D., Corresponding Member. REA, s.n.s. IWP RAS, Deputy. Director of the Zeya State Nature Reserve for research ([email protected])

Kastrikin Vyacheslav Aleksandrovich – deputy. Director of the Khingan State Nature Reserve for Research

Domanov, TA – Ph.D., senior researcher Zeya State Natural Reserve

July 10, 2019 at 13:11

. (tagsToTranslate) hunting dalla (t) bighorn sheep

Vector is preserved for total extermination of wild boars

photo: Semina Mikhail

photo: Semina Mikhail

Given that the protection of the reserve is assigned to Rosprirodnadzor, there is no one to regulate the number.

Therefore, Deputy Prime Minister Alexei Gordeyev instructed the Ministry of Natural Resources to work out the issue of quickly assigning the reserve to the Nizhne-Svirsky Reserve, whose employees must cope with this task.

In addition, the Rosselkhoznadzor once again considered the number of boars slaughtered in the Oryol, Tver, Kaluga, Kaliningrad and other regions to be insufficient. And he called on the governors "to take under their personal control the issues of downsizing."

Again, in order to protect pig farms from potential African plague.

Thus, the vector for the total extermination of wild boars in central Russia and the Volga region, taken six years ago due to plague outbreaks, remains.

Boars are firmly established in the role of the main villains who carry the infection. Unlike the owners of pig farms, hiding information about outbreaks of disease by hook or by crook, slaughtering animals and sending meat to the surrounding regions.

It seems that soon the last territory, where the boar can feel calm, will remain the Far East. There, the animal is under the patronage of Deputy Prime Minister Konstantin Chuichenko, because it is part of the diet of the Amur tiger.

July 12, 2019 at 13:48

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Black Devil: about black roe

Photo by the author.

Photo by the author.

Almost every European hunter has at least one trophy of roe deer hanging on the wall.

As a hunting agent and professional hunter, I spend most of the year with clients abroad, so my trophy collection is mostly made up of African, Asian and American game species.

But I am always glad when I manage to carve out some May days for roe hunting at home.

Last year, the joy of the upcoming hunt increased many times after the call of Carsten, a longtime friend from northern Germany.

“Erich, are you still thinking about the black devil?” He asked, and I immediately wanted to crawl through the telephone cable in order to embrace him for this question.

“Are you kidding me?” Are we really talking about the male black roe deer in your land?

The land that Carsten rents with two hunting colleagues is one of the few in Germany where you can hunt a black roe. For many years, the black rogol trophy has been at the top of my list of desired trophies, and Karsten, of course, knew about it, but …

Either I was hanging around the world somewhere, or there were no free licenses left, but somehow, and for some reason he never offered me to get the desired trophy.

And this year, he still had two licenses, which I immediately secured for myself and my hunting colleague Bernard.

Unlike Russia, manufacturers of hunting equipment in Europe and the United States have long ago mastered the production of compact portable ambulances for hunting. Photo by the author.

We planned a hunt for the end of May, after my return from Namibia, and decided to fly from Vienna to Hannover by plane, and not spend the whole day on a trip in a car. To save time on the passage of formalities, we agreed that we would use my friend's hunting weapon.

In Hanover, we were met by Robert, one of the co-tenants of the hunting grounds, and within 45 minutes we were at our destination near the town of Steinhuder Meer.

These were hunting grounds of approximately 1000 hectares; A classic rural landscape with windmills reminded of the famous varieties of German sausage, for the production of which raw materials come from this area.

We settled in a beautifully furnished guest house with its own kitchen. After we settled in our rooms, Robert offered to make a study tour of the grounds.

The territory of the farm was well-kept: the fields with grass stand and planting of grain were interspersed with shrubs and woods, which gave the game enough space for shelter. My friends could be proud of their household. Robert offered me a weapon with Bernard and we checked it out.

Both carbines caliber 30-06 were shot at 100 meters. We needed to make only one shot each to understand that we can be confident in the weapon of others.

In the land dominated by the usual red-brown roe deer. Most often we saw females grazing in the fields. It was already dawn when we spotted the first young female of the black roe alongside two normally painted deer.

This color variation is created by mutation of excess black pigment in the body of a deer. Most often, melanism in nature occurs in cats; for example, the panther is a classic example of the black variation form of the jaguar.

The black roe completely lacks a white mirror. Photo by the author.

The black roe deer, of course, is nothing more than a common deer whose black color is recessive due to not fully clarified reasons, with the predominance of red-brown in the rest of the population. It is curious that such a phenomenon occurs only in this area of ​​Germany.

From the point of view of genetics, the black color of an animal means that both parents carry these genes, although they do not have to be black. A normally painted roe can carry this gene in itself, and therefore, like a brown female, a black calf can be born, and a black calf can be born red-brown.

Black roe deers do not change color depending on the season, but in winter, reindeer hair lacks the shine of summer fur. But the absence of a white spot on the back is a more serious and sure sign that it is a black roe deer.

The next day, the alarm clock raised us at four in the morning. This time we will hunt elsewhere, where the owners saw the black roe deer stags on the eve of our arrival.

After the briefing, Robert took me to one tower, standing on the edge of a large field, and Bernard to another, while he returned to his farm, where urgent work awaited him. Very soon, I understood the warning of our German friend about mosquitoes.

Despite the processing of clothing with mosquito repellents, I had to recall the long-lost skills of "melee". Just a couple of minutes later I lost count, killing mosquitoes.

It was turning slowly; there was no movement on the field in front of me. After half an hour of waiting, two hares appeared, and I looked at these brave little animals through binoculars.

From the side of Bernard, too, there was complete silence, and after texting each other on the phone, we decided to call Robert so that he would pick us up and drive us to the base. Returning to our accommodation and having a good breakfast, we went to bed.

500,000 heads of deer are harvested annually in Germany. Author's photo.

Hunting in the afternoon is much better. We sat on the same towers where we languished in the morning, but this time there was more movement in the fields.

Unfortunately, we observed only normally painted roe deer, but time passed quickly, and both of us after returning to the hunting house had enough reasons for lively stories about what they saw.

Just before midnight, we finally turned off the light and allowed ourselves to sleep for four hours.

With German punctuality, Robert knocked on the door at four in the morning. Today we changed the place of hunting. I sat on a low tower, just two meters above the ground; a field stretched in front of me, the far edge of which was slightly lower than where I was sitting, but the height of the tower was enough to see the whole field well.

Directly in front of me lay a small pond, surrounded by left and right reeds and bushes, behind the pond could be seen open areas of the field covered with high grass, on the far edge of which was a small grove.

I saw this beautiful pastoral landscape in detail only after dawn came. At the very border of the forest and fields, two young goats were already grazing.

Towers provide passive safety for residential buildings and the public. Shot from the tower almost always sent to the ground. Photo by the author.

Both were busy eating and did not come off the juicy grass. But suddenly one of them became alert and flew at a gallop into the forest. The other stopped grazing, turned his head to the forest and made a barking sound.

It soon became clear the reason for this behavior. At the edge of the forest there was a real owner of the field, a big black goat, the same black devil I dreamed of. His appearance was incredibly spectacular.

Imagine: right in front of me, where a young male roe deer grazed a moment ago, a black male flew out onto the green scene by jumping, stopped at a distance of a few steps from the border of the field and began peacefully tweaking the grass. My heart was ready to jump out of my chest, and my pulse was felt even through my gloves.

I forced myself not to make careless and quick movements, the main thing – no noise. But there was one problem: what to do first of all – to photograph the black goat, and then shoot, or vice versa?

Thousands of thoughts flashed through my head, but the desire to make a unique snapshot of an unusual goat won because it’s not every day that you get the opportunity to get it in front of the camera lens.

It remained to hope that he would stay on the field long enough for shooting and hunting. With the help of a camera zoom, I magnified the image and saw a young male of medium trophy qualities, but his real value was not in the horns that crowned his head, but in the color of the skin, and this color was just fantastic.

All the poetry of hunting roe from the tower in one frame. Photo by the author.

The black skin without light patches and shades glittered in the sun. The goat seemed to be less than its normally painted fellows, but it was deceptive. It is known that black color is slim.

I took a few pictures, then very carefully replaced the camera with a rifle. The distance to the animal was only 80 meters, and the deer effectively stood in the rays of the morning sun.

The black light was unusually bright, and I enjoyed the moment. The thought came to my mind that the name “black devil” stuck to the surprisingly painted males of roe is unfair, that they have nothing in common with the devil and they are better called black
angels.

Rogac stood side by side with me; after the shot, he immediately "broke" in the lens of the sight.

I felt like after my first shot at the beast, when I received the license of a professional hunter. It seemed that my heartbeat could have caused an earthquake, and my wide smile, thank God, was limited to my ears.

A few minutes later I went to the deer and gave him the last honor. Of course, I gladly told Robert about success, and just a few minutes later he came to me. He, too, was pleased with the successful hunt.

Everything worked out perfectly: a beautiful rural landscape, an amazing black male roe deer, a beautiful yellow-green field background and perfect sunlight. When I was photographing a goat trophy, a message came from Bernard: and he had something to brag about.

The heart of this trophy hunter, what else do you want? Beautiful, successful day of hunting! A pair of trophies of black roe deer will certainly take pride of place in our trophy halls and will remind us of the wonderful hunt from friends in the north of Germany.

Erich Muller
                     July 18, 2019 at 05:52

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Breeding duck breeds

Photo by Dmitry Vasiliev

Photo by Dmitry Vasiliev

NIZHEGORODSKAYA

The ducks of the Nizhny Novgorod breed have a medium-sized, proportional addition, somewhat elongated forms, a relatively thin neck and a small head; pronounced dark grooves stretch from the eyes.

The beak is narrow, not long, although longer than that of the Tula ducks, dark, without spots.

Paws are darker than wild mallards.

Among this breed there are ducks, whose head is painted in a gray tone, and the grooves of the eyes are mild or completely absent.

Such ducks are called chubar or osinovkami.

PHOTO OF SERGEY FOKINA

Chubary – ducks with dark monophonic heads and almost black beaks. There is no white color in plumage, the mirror is almost imperceptible.

The inner side of their wings and tail are of a bluish color. Voice is the main value of the decoy. Low, thick, informative, with a slight hoarse, he has a special attraction for the wild drake.

But above all, short, energetic sediment and active behavior on water are valued. The peculiarity of this breed of decoy ducks is a good job for the dark
dawn.

VORONEZH

This breed of decoy strongly resembles a wild mallard.

Its color is brownish-ocher, with the presence of brownish shades on the back. Paws are yellow-red. The neck and beak are significantly shorter than those of wild relatives.

PHOTO PIXABAY

Voronezh ducks have good data that allows you to use them for hunting at any time of the year. They are distinguished by the presence of a beautiful voice luring many wild birds.

TULA

Among the hunters, the Tula breed of ducks has won a special honor. The representatives of this breed have a small wide body, short dark legs, short neck, miniature beak of brown color. Black plumage distinguishes them from wild mallards.

PHOTO OF SERGEY FOKINA

The breed is famous for its high voice with a short draft. This attracts drakes, and the hunt becomes more productive. Tula ducks are often called "chastochkami" because of the rapid, hasty precipitation.

SARATOVSKAYA

No less popular among hunters is the decoy of the Saratov breed. These are small birds with a wide body, with plumage, painted in a yellowish-gray color, which attracts wild mallards, as it catches the eye from a far distance.

PHOTO OF SERGEY FOKINA

Saratov ducks have a short neck, thick and strong voice with short precipitations, which is most appreciated during the hunt.

Dmitry Vasilyev
                     July 18, 2019 at 05:57

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Thoughts about hunting

PHOTO DMITRY SHANITSYNA

PHOTO DMITRY SHANITSYNA

Animals, including hunting, is a special, unique component of nature.

They are mobile, lead a mostly secretive way of life, have a population structure of species.

Their study requires specific methods that are much more complex than in forestry or agriculture.

Hunting animals are a rapidly reproducible resource, having a peculiar dynamics, without tracking which (without monitoring) it is impossible to manage the economy and use this resource wisely.

The endless reformation of hunting management as a branch (and this is an independent and specific branch) led to a significant reduction in managerial staff; in comparison with the Glavokhota system of the RSFSR – dozens of times.

The budget financing of the industry was also reduced. Of course, the hunting farm should have an independent government body.

Animals breed every year and with a large supply, that is, many more individuals are born than nature needs to “repair” the livestock, to develop empty ecological niches and territories.

“Unnecessary” individuals simply perish, not finding for themselves living space or conditions.

They constitute the resources of hunting and the functioning of hunting. And this is the main argument in disputes with illiterate anti-hunters and green of various stripes.

Resources hunting animals need to use very carefully. Many examples can be cited where a farm, without monitoring, devastated hunting grounds, destroyed entire populations of animals, or undermined their reproductive abilities, as happened with the saiga antelope.

PHOTO SVETLANA BURKOVSKAYA

Monitoring of hunting resources is necessary, therefore, at one time, Glavokhota RSFSR considered the creation of the State Service for Accounting of Hunting Resources as an information basis for state monitoring and resource management at the federal level to be important.

In the development of this topic in the Central Research Laboratory of the Glavokhota and hunting expedition, 35 specialists were employed. Almost all methods of registering game animals were tested, tested in field conditions, and the most reasonable and promising were selected.

I have compiled a prospective program of accounting work in the RSFSR, which indicated methods applicable in different regions of the country, the frequency of their implementation, seasons, etc.

The main methods were highlighted, the use of which was envisaged annually. Glavokhota did not want to implement the implementation of this program, the main board stopped only on the introduction of winter route accounting (ZMU) of hunting animals.

This method is really promising: theoretically well-grounded, easy-to-use in practice, understandable in execution even for unskilled hunters.

But for game managers who considered themselves to be qualified, the ZMU method often caused criticism and rejection, mainly due to a lack of understanding of the theoretical essence of the method.

For example, one of these "specialists" A.E. Bersenyev, not understanding the essence of ZMU, not yet being the head of the hunting department, dreamed of developing “alternative” accounting methods, although they were developed a long time ago and some of them were rejected for practical use. He was more attracted to accounting methods at trial sites.

He was told that any methods of counting on trial plots have a significant negative quality: the great difficulty of laying representative sites, when the average population density of animals on the plots should be close to the population density in the territory of reference in nature.

Otherwise, you can get multiple errors in the accounting results. This deficiency is deprived of route accounting methods, since they cover large areas, even ten-kilometer ZMU routes.

PHOTO OLIVER SCHWENDENER / UNSPLASH

The route aerial accounting of large mammals with their visual detection can be a truly alternative method of ZMU accounting. Methodical documents for this method have long been developed and approved.

But now renting an air transport is too expensive for poor hunting organizations. And for accounting with the help of drones, such UAVs do not yet exist that could fully meet the requirements of hunting animals accounting methods.

However, UAVs that meet these requirements are too expensive and inaccessible, therefore, the introduction of such aerial accounting methods without the presence of UAVs, without data processing programs is premature.

Recently, the hunting department convened a meeting on the approval of accounting guidelines drawn up by the FGBU “Tsentrohotkontrol”, including “alternative” methods.

I, of course, was not invited to this meeting. This is typical of Russia: the party farm is going to discuss scientific problems without scientists.

I gave opinions on the “alternative” methods developed at Tsentrokhotkontrol, but apparently they did not read them in the Department of Hunting. In Tsentrokhotkontrol read and made a number of amendments to their projects.

They did a great job composing these projects at the disposal of the parent organization, but, in my opinion, the work was almost useless. This refers to the aforementioned methods of aerial accounting using UAVs.

Another method – accounting at fertilizer sites – for some reason was limited only to accounting boar. Such types of ungulates, such as the noble, spotted deer, fallow deer, and roe deer, were not mentioned at all, although it is more logical to take them into account at the sites, and accounting for the boar is obvious nonsense.

This animal does not always go to the grounds, the boars may visit several sites during the night, which leads to a rediscount. The territory from which the animals go to the sites is unknown, therefore extrapolation of the counts is excluded.

The method requires multi-day observations and high qualifications of observers, simultaneous observations on all sites in the farm. It is more labor-intensive than ZMU, and is suitable only for registering reindeer and only in highly organized farms, where there are these sites and a large staff of qualified rangers.

Therefore, to talk about the use of this method in monitoring in large areas is meaningless.

Another “alternative” method is the run method. He is criticized in many publications. It requires the simultaneous participation of a large group of well-trained beaters. Very often the chain of beaters is broken, a part of the animals breaks through this chain and remains in the pen.

It is not always clear whether the animals came to the girder site during the pen or not. Compared to the PMU, there are difficulties in the organization here, and the problem of the representativeness of the sites does not allow us to recommend this method for monitoring.

The average long-term length of the diurnal variation of moose in the second half of winter in the European part of Russia:
1 – less than 2.5 km; 2 – 2.5–2.7 km;
3 – 2.8–3.1 km;
4 – 3.2–3.7 km;
5 – more than 3.7 km.

Part of the complaints against the ZMU methodology is related to the fact that there are no grounds for applying the average long-term conversion factors. I agree. Of course, it is better to do the tracking of the daily inheritance of beasts. Time consuming Yes.

But there are ways to reduce this complexity. For example, on the basis of previous observations, determine the dependence of the length of the diurnal variation on the depth of snow cover and then apply the “predicted” coefficients.

They are compiled for the majority of subjects of European Russia and are available in the literature. There is a way to determine the length of the daily leg along the average width of the daily portion of the beast and the average number of intersections of tracks on two perpendicular routes through this segment.

This is also in the literature. Of course, keeping animals in mind is laborious, but you can’t easily catch a fish from a pond.

In any case, ZMU, even with the average multi-year coefficients, gives much smaller errors than any of the mentioned “alternative” methods, where errors can be multiple.
Who should do the accounting – the state or the hunting users?

In Soviet times, everything was clear: state bodies at the federal and regional levels led the management and organization of accounting work, summarizing the results of monitoring.

They also entered into an agreement with hunting users on the lease of hunting grounds and the use of state (nationwide!) Hunting resources, and in this agreement it was necessarily agreed to conduct the counting of animals by hunting users.

A powerful blow to the monitoring was the transfer of all the functions of hunting management to the subjects of the Federation, including monitoring, which could not be done in any case. Now, federal government agencies do not have the ability to control the monitoring, but only deal with scandalous cases.

Subjects of the Federation on their territory do whatever they want, submit for generalization dubious credentials, usually inflated to obtain more animal licenses; There are no qualified, objective and independent personnel to conduct an environmental impact assessment of the field plan. All this may well lead to the destruction of animal populations.

ACCOUNTING ELK
The family of direct regressions of the diurnal stroke length (L, km) to the depth of snow cover
(H, cm). The numbers indicate the region, the Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (data at the end of the 80s of the XX century):
1 – Arkhangelskaya, 2 – Vologda,
3 – Karelian ASSR, 4 – Leningrad,
5 – Novgorodskaya, 6 – Pskovskaya,
7 – Vladimirskaya, 8 – Ivanovskaya,
9 – Tverskaya, 10 – Kostroma,
11 – Moscow, 12 – Tula,
13 – Yaroslavskaya, 14 – Nizhny Novgorod,
15 – Mordovian ASSR, 16 – Chuvash ASSR, 17 – Tambov, 18 – Kuibyshev,
19 – Bashkir ASSR, 20 – Orenburg,
21 – Perm, 22 – Udmurt Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.

State control of hunting resources monitoring at the federal level should be mandatory: the federal hunting authority is responsible for the state of hunting resources throughout the Federation and at the same time cannot control the accounting work.

This is not a “nightmare business”, as they think in the Duma, but a normal state approach. After all, business doesn’t care what happens to animals (there will be no animals, and it’s not necessary).

At the meeting, representatives of Rosokhorybolovsoyuz stated that the state should conduct animal registrations, to which my colleague remarked: "Let them then give all the lands to the state." This is also extreme.

I have always supported community hunting organizations. Without them there is no hunting. But I believe that it is necessary to withdraw land from those hunting users who do not comply with the terms of the agreement on the lease of resources in terms of keeping animals.

On the other hand, for the majority of hunting users accounting work is burdensome, time consuming and not at all necessary. This opinion is based on a complete misunderstanding of the necessity and usefulness of the counts.

And this is one of the most important or even the most important area of ​​hunting activity.

If you conduct a specific hunting farm competently and intelligently, you must first determine the capacity of their hunting grounds for each type of animal.

This is necessary in order to strive to bring the number of animals closer to the capacity of land, but at the same time not to give numbers to exceed this capacity, in order to avoid a sharp drop in numbers.

It is absolutely impossible to determine the capacity of land using the method of “classical rating”, to determine the “optimal number” based on subjective assessments of the quality of land. It has been proven that the capacity of land for plant-eating animals cannot be determined from stocks of vegetable feed: they are used in different landscape conditions from 5 to 100%.

Best of all, the capacity of the land shows the number of animals themselves, and for this you need to keep regular records of the number. This is the only correct approach in determining the capacity of land.

Photo by Anton Zhuravkov

Another aspect of the same problem: in each population of animals, population dynamics occur in their own way, and in neighboring micropopulations, the rhythm of the dynamics, its phases do not coincide; numbers.

On the rise of numbers and at a level close to the capacity of the land, it is possible to allow the full fishing load, increasing it when reaching the capacity, in order to maintain this level of numbers indefinitely for a long time.

If the number "has passed" the capacity, it will go down. Then you need to drastically reduce the fishing load or eliminate it altogether so that the numbers recover faster.

If you follow this approach to managing, it will lead to maximum economic efficiency of farms. To do this, it is necessary to carry out the most accurate surveys of animals, extrapolate the data of selective counts on the correct, landscape territorial basis.

It has been proven that the use of the phytocenological classification of hunting grounds (types of land) in animal accounts can lead to multiple errors imperceptible to accountants. In addition, it is possible to isolate micropopulations and populations of higher rank only on the basis of the landscape classification of land.

Over the past 50 years there have been a lot of publications about this, and ignoring the landscape approach to the classification of land and animal records means that the farm is maintained at the level of the 19th century game management.

Vladimir Kuzyakin
                     July 18, 2019 at 06:04

. (tagsToTranslate) Hunting and fishing. XXI century (t) Hunting (t) Facilities and societies (t) Hunting societies (t) Hunting farms (t) Clubs (t) monitoring (t) acs (t) snakes (t) animal accounting

All for private hunting users, all for their victory

photo: Semina Mikhail

photo: Semina Mikhail

The size of the annual fee will now have to be specified directly in the hunting agreement, and the responsible state authorities will buy medicines for animals.

“We are starting to implement plans to change the legislation on hunting. In recent years, they did not occur. Now, a lot due to the fact that the working group on hunting has been created, we manage to get a lot of problems off the ground. It is necessary to break through the period of silence and move on, ”said the head of the committee Nikolay Nikolayev.

One of the bills is aimed at improving the norms of the law on hunting related to the protection of hunting resources from diseases. Introduced by the Government of the Russian Federation and adopted in first reading on January 15, 2019.

The document proposes to establish that preventive, diagnostic, therapeutic, restrictive and other measures for the protection of hunting resources from diseases include the establishment and cancellation of quarantine and other restrictions on the territory of Russia aimed at preventing the spread and elimination of foci of infectious and other diseases of hunting resources.

At the same time, the protection of hunting resources from diseases must be carried out in accordance with the Law on Hunting and the Law on Veterinary Medicine.

“There is a resolution of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation in accordance with which it is indicated that the existing wording was ambiguously interpreted by the courts. We are changing it. The bottom line was simple – whoever pays buys medicines to heal wild animals for diseases. Now, the responsible state authorities will buy medicines for animals, ”the head of the committee Nikolay Nikolayev noted.

The second bill was prepared by a group of deputies headed by Nikolai Nikolayev, chairman of the Committee on Natural Resources, Property and Land Relations, and a group of senators headed by deputy head of the Federation Council Committee on Agrarian and Food Policy and Environmental Management Vladimir Lebedev.

The document proposes to clarify the rules in terms of payments to enterprises that have concluded hunting agreements. Adopted in the first reading on May 30, 2019.

The hunting agreements will contain information on fees paid for the use of objects of the animal world in accordance with the legislation on taxes, instead of the annual amount of fees paid for using objects of the animal world.

The proposed changes protect the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, as well as ensure the stability of law enforcement, which in turn increases the economic attractiveness of hunting activities.

“The courts interpreted this question in different ways, and there was a risk of double payment for the use of hunting farms. We proposed directly in the hunting agreement to register information on fees paid for the use of animal resources. Previously, it was the annual fee paid. We determine how much a person should pay per year for use, ”the deputy noted.

In preparation for consideration in the second reading of the bill received 4 amendments, which are recommended for adoption.

One of them provides for clarification of the mechanism for determining the initial price of the right to enter into a hunting agreement.

photo: Fotolia.com

In the current edition of the initial price of the auction is calculated based on the minimum amount of rent under land and forest lease contracts, and the annual amount of fees for the use of wildlife objects.

Since the draft law clarifies the concept of “annual fees for using objects of the animal world,” it is also proposed to calculate the initial price based on the minimum rents for land and forest lease contracts, and the product of collection rates for the use of wildlife and hunting quotas resources for the previous year.

And in the case of their absence – the standards for permissible withdrawal of hunting resources for the previous year or the norms for permissible extraction of hunting resources for the previous year.

The proposed amendment will make it possible to more fully resolve issues related to the types of payments effected within the framework of hunting management agreements and to avoid a subjective interpretation of the norms of the Law on Hunting.

“If we change the wording in the hunting agreement regarding the determination of fees, then we need to harmonize the mechanism for determining the initial price of the auction for entering into the hunting agreement.

This is a very important bill that specifies the rate of establishing the initial price of the auction. Our annual fee, which was registered, unfortunately, was treated differently in the regions.

More than 40 regions have levied this payment as a second tax payment for using objects of the animal world. This clarifying norm, it eliminates uncertainty and allows the hunting user to use their funds more rationally, ”said Nikolaev.

It was also proposed to postpone the entry into force of the law from January 1 to June 1, 2020, so that the hunting users can carry out all the necessary administrative procedures to change the hunting agreements in a timely manner.

July 19, 2019 at 12:24

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Kobylkin: in Russia it is time to change the hunting legislation

photo: Anton Zhuravkova

photo: Anton Zhuravkova

On Saturday afternoon, the head of the federal agency for nature and ecology paid an official visit to the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic.

In the official program, the minister was reported to release into the nature hundreds of pheasants of the North Caucasian breed and the same number of mallard ducks.

The event took place in Lower Zhemtal, in one of the rounds of the “State experimental hunting economy” of the city of Nalchik.

Together with Kobylkin, the birds and waterfowl were released by the acting head of the republic, Kazbek Kokov.

The fact of the release of pheasants is significant in that it was the first offspring of a North Caucasian bird that biologists were able to successfully obtain in captivity.

After the event, the head of the federal department made a statement to the press about the imminent major changes in Russian laws on hunting farms.

They want to make Russia attractive to foreign hunters.

According to the minister, bills should be drafted and adopted for hunting enthusiasts from Europe so that they can visit the Russian Federation, hunt birds and animals in its territory and "feel no worse than at home."

Kobylkin assured that new developments in the legislative sphere will entail the transformation of the entire hunting system in the next 3-5 years.

July 21, 2019 at 14:47

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