Catching walleye – methods and lures
Pike perch is the second most common after perch, but the first largest specimen caught (weighs 12-14 kg) is a representative of the perch family in our water bodies. This cautious and strong fish is a very desirable trophy for spinning fishermen, since in order to catch it, the angler needs to show maximum skill in choosing the right tackle, bait, place and time of fishing.
Pike perch habitats and stops
Pike perch is a fish very whimsical to oxygen content and water purity. It is found mainly in rivers with fast and medium-speed currents, less often it can be found in reservoirs, flowing ponds and lakes with a large number of underwater springs and creeks.
Most of the day it keeps in deep pools and snagged pits with a clay-sandy, sandy or gristly bottom. It goes to shallow areas during the spawning period or in order to hunt for small fish in the evening and morning hours. In addition, in sunny and clear evening hours, pike perch very often rises to the surface of the water to hunt for bleak and perching.
You can never confuse a pike perch fight with a pike – the sound of a pike perch being thrown for a trifle is similar to the sound of a medium-sized stone thrown into the water. Although pike perch is reputed to be schooling fish, large specimens stay apart at great depths. Small perches gather at medium depths near aquatic vegetation in large schools of up to 30-50 fish.
Catching zander by seasons
Zander is caught all year round minus the spawning period. Each of the seasons is characterized by its own fishing strategy, the components of which are the choice of the place and time of fishing, tackle, bait, and the technique of posting. Let’s analyze the strategy for catching this predator in each of the seasons.
In the spring
In spring, pike perch is quite active, as it needs to gain the reserve of strength necessary for spawning.
Zander fishing begins in the spring in rivers during floods.
At this time, pike perch begins to feed, gradually moving its proven routes to spawning grounds – shallow bays and shoals with soft sandy soil and aquatic vegetation or stones protruding from the bottom.
Pike perch is caught in spring at a shallow depth of 2-3 to 4-4.5 meters throughout the day. Rides with a depth of up to 3 meters with various anomalies (bottom irregularities), flooded trees, places near steep banks, where the predator stands on the upper edge of a sharp drop into depth, are promising. Zander takes well near bridges and old mills. Pre-spawning rye lasts about 2 weeks until the beginning of spawning, usually in mid-April-early May, when the water warms up to a temperature of + 14 + 18 degrees.
The main tackle for catching zander, from spring to late autumn, is spinning. A rod for catching this predator is chosen with a length from 2.1-2.4 (when fishing from a boat by trolling or throwing) to 2.4-3.2 meters (when fishing from the shore) of medium or fast action with a test of 10-30 grams with a hard with a solid tip equipped with a good high-speed spinning reel and a braided cord with a section of 0.1-0.16 mm. A metal leash is not placed on pike perch, as this significantly reduces the number of predator’s grips on fishing.
Zander is best caught on jig lures – vibro-tails and twisters of green or brown-green color interspersed with silver sparkles, less often on oscillating heavy spoons.
Catching zander in the spring with a spinning jig is not demanding for graceful fishing. Wiring technique – standard jig “step”, variable speed wiring.
In the post-spawning period, pike perch moves from spawning grounds to the usual deep-water snagged pools and pits. At this time, the second after spring zhor begins. It is caught for some time near shallow spawning grounds, but this period does not last long. After the pike perch rolls back into the pits and pools, they catch it before dawn and a few hours after sunset using the same jig lures – twisters and vibro-tails.
For jig fishing, the jig rig lure has proven itself well. Pike perch does not hesitate to use spinners like “Castmaster”. Since pike perch has good vision as a nocturnal predator, it is often caught on bottom live bait tackle at night. For this, fishing for pike perch in a plumb line in the summer from a boat is suitable; as live bait, narrow-bodied blends, perching water, minnows are used.
From the end of summer, pike perch begins the third zhor of the year. It lasts until the onset of stable autumn cold weather, which usually comes at the end of November. At this time, pike perch is caught on jig lures, oscillating spoons, live bait bottom fishing rod.
In winter, pike perch stays in deep places for almost most of the season with the current, closer to spring it gradually moves to shallow bays, the mouths of small rivers. More active zander fishing in winter on the first and last ice. Weakly takes pike perch in the wilderness and on days with severe frosts.
The predator is caught in winter on sheer narrow silvery zander bottom spoons, balancers. Less often pike perch comes across on pike bets, large jigs. For the balancer and vertical lure, a special hard rod 30-50 cm long with a traction spinning reel is used.
A monofilament line with a cross section of 0.18 to 0.22 mm is used as the main forest, a braided line is not used due to the fact that in the cold and in cold water it becomes too hard and insensitive to sometimes very careful bites of zander. A metal leash is placed only if there is a high probability of a pike’s grip – this will protect the tackle from being cut off by a pike bite, but at the same time the number of zander bites will decrease.