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During the period of gluhozime successful fishing is rare. Hearing that word from the fishermen that in the Urals, Siberia, the European part of Russia, all there memories of unsuccessful fishing. Yes, and a lot about this Moody period gluhozime, write and show on TV. Nibble at this time, if there is, then lethargic. It happens that in some years, fish is good enough and is caught gluhozime, but this is the exception to the rule explains why in gluhozime fish don’t bite, and how it, albeit small and few, but to catch. Click mainly to the lack of oxygen, cold water and dark in the frozen lake.

And everything would be okay — but in practice, there are questions. Practice is the measure of all theories In the old days, when a particularly valuable fish in our river was bigger and the fishing rules were not as stringent or absent altogether in December — February on spinners anglers are often pulled out and white salmon, and many had hunted her purposefully. And as the representative of whitefish where as demanding oxygen. And burbot in the area of Tobolsk in the winter and is extremely active. So, with the oxygen in the river situation is normal. But decent Rudd and perch in the winter catches are very rare here. From the big fish in the middle of winter only IDE and bite. But the pike, which is in the river usually a lot, in some years, winter comes very rarely, almost by accident. And the reason for its low activity is obviously not oxygen. But in poluzakonnoy extensive, but shallow lake of Light, located 50 km from Tobolsk, well caught pike on the imitation fish.

Another example: Volkovo lake — Staritsa of Irtysh and big, and deep, seaweed little about Zamora there is not unheard of. And lately there are ponds with trout, running the aerator, and winter too. That is oxygen’s all right. But after paralelnogo bite and there comes the blanking time, the usual catch — just a few perch. And 100 km West Volkova, among peat bogs, the lake Shchuchye is a big, but small. You can get there only by winter road. When there biting, but quite often bream bite like a machine gun; bite and perch. Let it shallow — but at least a hundred tails in a short winter day you can pull. In General, is not so clear with gluhozime. It is considered that at this time we need to focus on the hunt for fish and small thing on a shoestring catches. Although it is in gluhozime happen quite excellent catches of trophy fish.

And here it should be noted that in the middle of winter on such reservoirs theory and practice a little at odds. The bite really stops. And we, in Western Siberia, too. But now, anglers are available to new, modern equipment of machinery, the citizens have become much more than in the days 30-40 years ago. In recent years, many Siberians got a snowmobile, on which on the roads, focusing on navigation, we reach the lakes, where the leg of the fisherman walks very rarely and only on the ice in time to get there is extremely problematic. And it turned out that fishing is still possible, and carp from the ice can be easily caught, and the weather is not so critical for fish. In the middle of winter at a swamp lake polukilogrammovy perch grabbed the bait like a hungry mountain slid. Why in winter the fish are not biting? Because it is cold, stuffy and dark.
Just remember the anecdote. The woman on the balcony screaming child in the yard:
— Johnny go home!
— Mom, I want to eat?!
— No, you freeze!

We used to look for direct causal relationships. It’s natural. But nature is more complicated. But enough of the swinging idols and stones in someone else’s garden. It’s time to offer something different. Factors and facts Since the first Chapter we finished the anecdote, it is logical to start with a joke and the second one: “See the gopher? And I don’t see. And he is.” To understand what is happening under the ice during winter will help both times ground squirrels and steppe herbivorous animals. As you know, in winter, they hibernate. Not because it’s cold, but because the main issue for the population — food. And since they eat grass, which grows in winter, squirrels in winter, cheaper to sleep.

However, in the more southern regions, where some semi-deserts of South Central Asia, ground squirrels sleep in summer. Not because summer in the desert is stifling, and all because the same — no grass. A maximum activity and reproduction, they have adapted to the weight, when the desert blooms and is filled with juicy herbs. “And then the perch?” — asks the impatient angler. And despite the fact that in the winter the fish are biting poorly in the first place for the simple reason that it is favorable reduction activity. Do not take into account small ponds where oxygen in the winter is really a big problem, and after the formation of ice fish out keys or tributaries, hoping to win a place with more or less fresh water and live there until spring. Even in oxygen rich lake of forage for most fish in winter are few. Sharply reduced the number of plankton and benthos. Those who eat them, reduce the activity.

It is worth noting the absence of large events underwater life, which would stimulate activity. Spawning no departure insects no. Fish is more profitable to save energy. Fish — like gophers in the hungry steppe, wait out the hard times. In the big lake, even where there are Zamora, perch and Rudd to fall into a complete daze can’t. Because anoxia develops quickly, but not uniformly so. The Zamora is a rather complex phenomenon… And then Rudd would have to resign a certain area of the lake to move to a different layer of water in tributaries at the source, in a nearby lake. Therefore it cannot lie in a hole all winter, otherwise he will have nothing to breathe. Fish feel the beginning of the plague, and if possible, leave such rivers or bodies of water. At the lower reaches of the Tobol river, Zamora is a common phenomenon, the fish EN masse out into the Irtysh. But most of the lake fish are serving in the neighborhood or even remain. Often they have to leave the pond in confined spaces under the ice.

Pike at the beginning of the Zamora continues to bite, so is feeding more sluggish moving sabakami and perch. It happens that in the lake the perch bite was very lethargic, fell almost to zero, and pike continue to bite on live bait. But ice river burbot life is full of events. Spawning is the important thing! And this is the progress and to zhor, zhor after. Burbot don’t seem to waiting for his victim, sitting in wait, looking for her, sneaks up and attacks. And lethargic winter fish are well suited for a running hunting game. Burbot hunt is the exception that proves the rule. Burbot hunt at sleepy fish that are in such condition not from of lack of oxygen. After all, when the roach of oxygen will become short, burbot already belly up to the ice will freeze — it – it is much more demanding.

Why the fish still biting? That bass with Rudd in the lakes retain some activity, does not mean that they will eat. Apparently, when the middle of winter at the bottom has little oxygen or Joker goes too deep, peaceful fish almost ceased to be interested in food — it becomes so small that chasing crumbs makes no sense. But I guess a fish’s brain somehow keeps track of the level of competition. And if it’s high, the fish feed increases the activity. This does not mean that the rich in fish lake it will catch everything all year round, but the probability of biting increased. And in some lakes in the marshes that are only available in the darkest winter months, and where a small fishing press in the middle and second half of winter bream and perch are biting just fine. A striking example is the lake Shchuchye. Only 30 km from Tobolsk.

Now about the lake the pike. In most lakes, it is located at the top of the food pyramid. Food magic though reduces activity, but, unlike bloodworms, sludge digs. Even the fish buries itself in mud not as often as people think. In chebaki polusemeynyh lakes with perch have to support some activity to avoid problem areas. In addition, the lack of oxygen can drive a trifle from under the shore and concentrate on open spaces in the water column. Therefore, the pike, though not very cheerfully, but still bite in many lakes until the beginning of Zamora, even if the size of the predator in this pond are very reasonable. This stern activity has meaning — the hunt is justified.

The fact that hypoxic phenomena may work to improve fish, for anglers, who grew up in multiple repetition of the postulates of the Soviet “theory of gluhozime” it sounds a little crazy. But the practice proves that pike are more active in those waters, where the threat of Zamora keeps the tone of her victims. But in this river, as the Irtysh, the picture is different. The Zamora no, burbot energetic and enterprising, he is the master of the winter river. So perhaps the low activity of river pike is a way to avoid a hopeless competition with odnosum. The main thing — where most of the badly beaten bodies of water gluhozime occurs regardless of oxygen regime, so it makes sense to look at the fish ponds. Small lakes hypoxic, hypoxic and polusharnirnye all the river aside — they were all clear, the fish are there or buried in the keys, or possibly gone to spend the winter in large, oxygen-rich river. Well, or killed EN masse.

Nezametnye large lakes and rivers, according to the Soviet “theory of gluhozime” is the most promising reservoirs, and all thanks to the good oxygen regime. In fact, only very few of them, largely inaccessible, have good bite all winter. In our region — Western Siberia — nezakonnyh lakes is very small. They are all situated near major rivers nearby, including the floodplain, represents a well cultivated land, and the lakes are very well obnovleny, so that in gluhozime there is nothing to do. But on taiga, not suffering from the Zamora river in the winter can sometimes be great fishing spots, and violently bite can not only perch with pike, but major IDE.

It is only necessary to consider that the river system in Western Siberia is huge, and the fish on them actively moving, so the gathering place can be difficult to find. But it is possible. For example, on a small river Alesanco occurring in 35 km from Tobolsk, in the season 2012/13 from the Irtysh went for the winter lots of Rudd and perch, and the fish stood on an easily accessible site. Pecking is fine, although not constantly. If we talk about poorly fished the reservoirs, we first of all polusharnirnye lakes scattered among vast marshes. According to the Soviet “theory of gluhozime” in the middle — second half of winter bite there at a minimum. In practice, the most successful ice fishing has been there.

Marsh lake is a special world. On the one hand, they are very stable: not dry, not flooded by floods of large rivers, the species composition there are very poor and living conditions are quite hard. And behavior even perch and Dace in these lakes resembles a choosy carp in the pond. One winter in many of these lakes in a large area, the fish are biting well all season, the other under similar conditions, very slow. Moreover, according to the sounder of large fish there and a lot of it, but bites are rare. Reason? Maybe the autumn rains have affected the chemical composition of water, maybe some kind of crustacean brood in one year and not bred to another, maybe the winter took a lot of fry, or Vice versa.

In General, fishing on the lakes polusemeynyh very important information. And then many make a serious mistake — go where pecked last year. And correct new fishing season, especially for Rudd and perch, to start with a clean slate. It should be noted that lakes where the perch is biting, considerably more than those where the winter is biting bream. In many waters inhabited by roach just ignores the attachment. Basic tackle for fishing of Rudd and perch jig with a nozzle, and a worm often bites happen more than bloodworms. At times, the bass takes a good on spinners and balancers. But even in this thread a lot of white spots — inaccessible reservoirs, and the behavior there the fish are still poorly studied.

Pike is more predictable. This can be easily explained by the fact that its more stable forage base. The abundance of small perch and Rudd is not affected by such jumps, as, for example, fry. I will not categorically say that my explanation is correct, but to me it seems that way. Pike lake has a rather high feeding activity, even if its a low number. So, she caught well. Basic tackle — imitation fish. The most productive places polusemeynyh lakes is the edge of the reed thickets and the middle of the lake. Itself winter imitation fish tackle are well known. Literature weight, among a lot of as masterpieces, and not deserving special attention articles.

Leaving aside the technical issues — in the long March need moral training. And that is: behind me on two machines of 300 km, then 50 km on snowmobiles in the frost of -20°C. Arrived at the legendary lake where bag pound bass still has not come back, fumbled with sounder: fish is almost a continuous layer. And caught four seven tails for the whole day. And here, of course, self-control is required, the philosophical attitude and love for life. And sometimes, I’ll go fish grab the nozzle, and composure angler will need to have in order for time to stop, stretch your legs, hands to warm, remember that the catch is the most important part of the process, but only part of the process of communication with nature.

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