Fishing in Norway: the main species of fish

The main fish species for fishing in Norway

The name of the species: Cod, Cod (Gadus Morhua)

1. The Norwegian Arctic cod (spawning cod)

2. Mojvennaja cod (spring cod)

3. Coastal cod


1. January-April (depends on places)

2. April — June

3. all year round


Parameters: length 150 cm, weight 45 kg (usually 60-70 cm, weight up to 10 kg).

Colour: green-olive and brown spots scattered on the sides, back and fins. The belly is white, without spots.

Food: fish (herring, capelin, sand eels, young cod) and invertebrates (crustaceans, worms, echinoderms, molluscs).

Spawning: off the coast of Norway in February – April. In may-June goes to feeding grounds in the Barents sea.

Cod is one of the most common and economically important fish species in Norway. The cod lives in the North Atlantic ocean. There are two main types of cod: the migratory, oceanic and coastal cod. Coastal cod — pronounced bottom fish, and oceanic migratory cod is pelagic fish living in the water column and make long migrations.

Norwegian Arctic cod that lives in Norwegian waters is the most important form of all cod. Most of her adult life she spends in the Barents sea, but as immature (mojvennaja cod) and pre-spawning fish (“scream”) commits the migration.

Spawning areas “scree” stretches from Finnmark to the Herd. At this time caught a lot of cod, because it is still the scream remains the basis of the main seasonal fisheries in Norway. Fishing in the Barents sea is now the most popular. Spring mojvennaja cod makes migration to the area of Finnmark, where the spawning of capelin.

Coastal cod is no different from cod living in the Barents sea. She prefers small depths (to 600 m) and thrives in coastal areas.

Fishing technique: trolling, deep water.

The name of the species: Wolffish Catfish — Catfish (Anarhichas lupus)

Ordinary catfish




All year round


Family subatomic belongs to the order Perciformes.

Parameters: length 125 cm, on average 20-90 cm, weight up to 10 kg. Inhabits depths from 20 to 400 m at a water temperature of from 1 to 7 degrees. Feeds on mollusks, fish, crustaceans. Summer approaches the coast, the winter reaches a depth of.

Colour: from yellow to dark brown. On the sides and back bands extending on the dorsal fin (from 8 to 13 brown bands). The body is elongated. Dorsal fin single, its rays all prickly fin extends from the occiput to the caudal fin. Pelvic fins not. Scales very thin, small, ingrown into the skin. Teeth large and flattened.

Spawn: prefers rocky ground, where lays eggs the size of 5.5-6 mm. the Spawns from July to September near the shore.

Habitat: widespread, pochni across the North Atlantic from the Extreme North to the Western coasts of France and Cape Hatteras. It can be fished in the North sea off the Shetland and Faroe Islands, at the coast of Norway, around Iceland and the Atlantic coast of North America, from Labrador to Cape cod.

Fishing technique: is best for natural bait type of shrimp or mussels, which may be cut into fairly large pieces. You should be careful when handling the catfish as it can easily grab you with their powerful teeth.

Species name: Molva (sea pike)

Sea Pike — Ling(Molva molva)




You can catch year-round


Malva is a cross between cod and sea eel because of its length and is considered a typical deep-sea fish.

Parameters: length 180 cm, depth habitat from 60 to 1 000 m (mainly 300-400 m), differs from the Tusk color and two top fins.

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Most Molva is considered a by-catch, and not the main catch. The fishery is conducted by means of layer along the continental shelf, but sometimes at great depths.

Fishermen catch it by accident, Malva is a delicious food fish with a fairly dense meat.

Fishing technique: trolling, deep water.

Name: menek

Torsk (Brosme brosme)




You can catch year-round


Parameters: length up to 110 cm, weight 15 kg

Skin: menek reminds Malvo, but it is more fatty and has only one continuous dorsal fin.

Habitat: in the deep fjords of Western Norway and along the continental shelf at depths from 50 to 1 000 m, often from 200 to 500 m.

Spawn: between Scotland, Faroe and Iceland.

Fishing technique: trolling, deep water.

Species name: Atlantic Halibut

Atlantic Halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus)




April — December


The Atlantic halibut is the largest of all flatfish fish.

Parameters: length up to 3 m, weight up to 300 kg.

Colour: ocular side halibut grey, and the “blind” side is white.

Habitat: adults are usually held at a depth of from 300 to 2 000 m. In stage Malkova halibut lives in coastal areas, and quite shallow waters.

Spawn: at a depth of 300-700 metres, and in deep holes along the coast or in the fjords. The main areas of spawning are considered the Norwegian coast, Faroe Islands, watershed Greenland, Iceland and Scotland, Denmark Strait, David Strait and coastal waters of Newfoundland.

The Atlantic halibut grows slowly and Matures, therefore, the catch of halibut is strictly controlled. Season — all year. The meat of the halibut is very tasty and the oil of its liver is even richer in vitamins A and D than cod.

Fishing technique: is best for natural bait, which should slowly pull on the bottom.

Species name: Lure

Pollack (Pollachius pollachius)






Parameters: length up to 130 cm (often less).

Painting: the lure looks like a Pollock, but he has a more pronounced, protruding lower jaw and a dark curved sidewall of the body (while the gardens it is smooth and light). This pelagic fish inhabits depths of up to 200m.

Habitat: in Norway a number lyura varies, found in the South and the West coast. Lure in winter migrates in great depth, and in summer prefers warm water.

Lure is considered a good, nutritious fish with some dry meat.

The name of the species: saithe

Saithe, Coalfish (Pollachius virens)






Side is one of the most important commercial fish species.

Parameters: length up to 120 cm.

Description: a very small chin barbel. The lateral line is dark. The caudal fin is deeply forked. Body color is gray. Grey meat, a kind of pleasant taste.

Habitat: can be both pelagic and demersal fish, it lives at a depth of 300 m. But meets and close enough to the surface of the water. This is a schooling fish, which under good conditions of nutrition can gather in large schools.

Spawn: in the coastal zone, the Central part of Norway (South of Lofoten) and in the North sea. Fry passively northwards with the coastal current, minor side appears in spring in the waters South and West of Norway, and the coast Finnemarka side is found only in August. Side makes the long migration from the feeding areas and growth to spawning grounds.

The fishery is conducted in coastal waters in the North West of North Cape. To the North of Finarca Pollock Seine catch in fjords and adjacent areas. North sea and Western coast of Finnmark are also good fishing areas.

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Fishing technique: trolling is easy if you get in a jamb. When using lures with multiple hooks you can catch from 3 to 5 pieces.

Salmon Atlantic (salmon)

Salmon (Salvelinius alpinus)




In the sea is not restricted, during the spawning season on the regional conditions


Parameters: length 70-150 cm, weight fish a body length of 91 cm is 7-9 kg, length 1.5 m — 38 kg.

Description: the head and upper body has many spots. Below lateral line no spots.

Spawning: it spawns in freshwater and lives most of his life at sea. Spawning fish comes in late summer, the spawning occurs in the fall, then lays eggs in the river gravel until hatching in April-may. After 2-5 years of life in fresh water the fry become suitable for life in seawater. When the fry of salmon turn into smolts, they leave the river and go to sea. There salmon performs long feeding migrations and growing fast. In 2-4 years it reaches sexual maturity and returns to spawn in the river.

The salmon fishing is licensed.

To catch salmon at sea is extremely difficult.

The name of the species: monkfish

Anglerfish, Sea devil (Lophius piscatorius)






Monkfish (Lophius piscatoris), or sea Scorpion, from the squad utilitycompany (Lophiiformes)

Parameters: length 200 cm, weight 30-40 kg

Description: it has a repulsive appearance: huge head, which is the half of the length of all the fish with a large toothy mouth, mercilessly swallowing the prey. Being a master of disguise, monkfish, with its dark, often mottled, upper part of the body, almost invisible against the background of the bottom, among the rocks, pebbles and seaweeds. There he usually likes to lie, podkaraulivaya prey. On both sides of the head, on the edge of the jaw and lips fringed hanging shreds of skin, wiggling in the water like seaweed. On each side are wide fins, and on the back of thin spines with nodular thickening at the end, luring prey.

Habitat: found in many seas, mainly in the Atlantic and in the North sea, all the way to Iceland, at depths of 600 m, but during the spawning season, in spring, it can occur at depths up to 800 m. monkfish are often caught as bycatch, especially his catch only experienced Norwegian fishermen who use special equipment. In recent years, however, began active fishing monkfish network. The fishery takes place off the coast areas As og møre and Romsdal region, and Sleep-og-Thorne.

Spawning occurs to the West of the British Isles.

Consumed only some part of hell. Yes, and the method of preparation need to know. However, the meat of monkfish is considered refined, and can do honor to any holiday table.

Season — all year. Monkfish has a delicious white meat steady.
Fishing techniques: as the majority of the time the monkfish spends lying on the seabed, waiting for his lunch, he is not easy prey. Caught on natural bait in deeper water or accidentally when fishing for cod.

The name of the species: Haddock

Haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus)






Haddock is one of the most important food fish in Norway.

Parameters: length up to 110 cm, mostly up to 80 cm length 100 cm weight of the fish is 10 kg, the average length of 29-35 cm

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Description: below the lateral line over the pectoral fin has a large dark spot and distinguish the haddock is always possible in gray color and dark stripes along the fins.

Habitat: near the bottom at depths from 40 to 300 m and the water column at depths of up to 600-650m.

Spawn: in the Central Norwegian waters off the South-West of Iceland and in the Faeroe Islands.

Young haddock in the Barents sea has a settled way of life, but the more Mature fish makes a long migration. For example, the spawning migration to the North coast of Norway. spot.

The fisheries haddock is mainly in coastal waters. North sea haddock is one of the main components of the total catch.

Fishing technique: trolling, deep water.

The name of the species: plaice

Plaicek (Pleuronectes platessa)




July — December


In Norway marine fisheries flounder started in 1923, when widespread snurrevaad (Danish Seine) and it opened a lot of new commercial areas. The North sea is an important fishing area of the marine flatfish.

But many fishermen and from shore to catch flounder.

Parameters: length of 25-40 cm, females can reach a length of 95 cm.

Description: in marine flounders have both eyes located on the right side of the head. It can be easily recognized by the smooth brown eye side with many red spots. The population of the marine flatfish in the North sea is quite extensive.

Habitat: from intertidal zone to a depth of 250 m.

Spawn: in the North sea, South of Doggerbank.

Fishing technique: is best for natural bait, which should slowly pull on the bottom.

The name of the species: Turbot

Turbot (Psetta maxima)




It is an active predatory fish, which in adulthood eats mainly other fish.

Settings: length 1 meter (чаще40-50 cm)

Description: Turbot belongs to the family diamond has a flattened, almost circular shape. On the left side of the head are two eyes, a darker eye side there is a thickening of the bone.

Habitat: from the intertidal zone (zone of tide) and up to 80 meters depth. Turbot is often found partially buried in the bottom layer on the sandy, pebbly, rocky or soft ground.

Best turbot fishing areas in the North sea are considered, the fishing banks off the coast of Northern Jutland. In Norway turbot is considered a by-catch caught along with other fish. Currently, research on the development of artificial breeding, the turbot.

Species name: Sea bass

Red fish (Sebastes spp.)






There are two types of sea bass: ordinary sea (Sebastus marinus) and cleverely redfish (mentella Seabastus). Both species are widely distributed in Norwegian waters.

Settings: length 1 m, weight up to 15 kg.

Habitat: along the continental slope at depths of 100-500 m, sometimes at a depth of 900 meters In the Norwegian sea and the Arctic ocean sea bass are harvested in large schools and makes the summer migration. Sexually Mature sea bass has its own feeding area in the Barents sea, where in August-October mating.

Spawning: begins in winter migrating South to the spawning grounds, located at Islands vesterålen.

The largest catches of sea bass are produced by trawl in Northern Norway.

Fishing techniques: the most effective natural bait. Perch normally look for depth.

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