How to build a winter bait correctly
In reality, the choice of the gear under changing conditions of fishing boils down to variations of such parameters as, first, the diameter of the line, and secondly, the size of jig and hook. Everything else is unimportant. For every fishing situation there is an optimum ratio of the size of the jig and diameter of the line, where we have the best option. It is desirable that the difference of the diameters of rods in the rods was 0.01 mm. For classic sports jig I have suspension of a scaffold are: ø 0,05, 0,06, 0,07, 0,08 mm. thick fishing line (ø 0,09-0,14 mm) use mostly bream on the float and on the “devil”.
About the jig and diameter fishing line for winter fishing
I never take clean water for labels on reels with fishing line and you do not advise. If in doubt about diameter, check it with a micrometer. The breaking load is adequate for each diameter. It is not necessary to wait for a miracle — that the line will hold more than the other with the same diameters and price range. I recommend to use the products of reputable brands. I, for example, this winter has equipped all of their winter fishing rod with fishing line Shimano Ultegra — as I have no doubt.
It is important to understand that the diameter of the line itself is on the bite is not affected. For some, this statement again may seem strange, but believe me it’s true. Just a thin fishing line provides better contact between a nod and a jig and allows the jig to sink faster. And the greater the depth, the more important this factor is. That is, the communication is indirect: fish on a small jig bite is better (less feels its weight when trying to draw in the mouth bloodworms with water flow), and to such bait to use, you need a thin line, otherwise nothing.
How many times have I had of the situation in the Vileika reservoir: go zakormlen holes with mormyshkas tackle, depth 6-7 m, ø fishing line 0.07 mm, 2.6 mm. jig Trying to move to a little more rough tackle — just start an empty bite. Then decide to “rest” unwound float tackle, where fishing line is ø 0,12 and 0,14 mm ø, and lo and behold — fish (bream, roach, perch) starts at her confidently to bite! And all because the float rod is adjusted so that fish can’t feel the weight of the shipping.
But back to mormyshkas tackle (after all, very often the fish prefer a moving bait). The lower limit of thickness of line is limited to the time it takes to fish fish. And the task of the angler is to find a middle ground depending on the situation.
Roughly speaking, if a small fish caught in large quantities, you can take a more subtle line — with it we will win in the speed of the lowering tackle. But if caught isolated specimens weighing even 100 g, it is possible to sacrifice a greater lowering speed, but gain in speed of a fight. Especially that the thicker the fishing line, in principle, to use the more convenient — it is less confused, more pull, if the fishing line got caught on the ice, etc.
In order for the jig bite
In order to be on a jig bite, you have to buy them in the normal range. This does not mean that you need to have “osinka”, and “ê” and “BB”, etc. There is a universal form — in the form of balls or drops (bezmetallny fishing we now do not touch). Unfortunately, the shops are good jigs are extremely rare, athletes buy them in direct from the masters (the most famous among the Russian — Tula). A good jig has a hook of adequate thickness and size, and sleeve for the passage of fishing line through the body of the jig. Sleeve should be fine. The best jigs are machined from solid tungsten rod. But if it’s alloy or even lead is also good, not essential.
More importantly. First, a good manufacturer should go the clear gradation in size of jigs, expressed in figures: 1.8 mm, 2mm, 2.2 mm, 2.4 mm, etc. This allows you to consciously change the jig, and not to take “this one more” or “less”. And if you find that this situation works best jig, for example, 2.6 mm on the line ø 0.07 mm, then the next time you can start with the same gear.
Second, the jig for each particular size have to have different number of hooks (if it is possible to order the jig from the master, then this point is discussed in advance). In fact, the hooks can be of the same model (e.g., VMC № 1050 — one of the best options for the jig), but differ in size.
For example, sometimes we have to catch the big fish in the shallows. So, you need a small jig (her passive fish are biting more confident), but at the same time, the hook should be of a size to be able to draw out, without fear of derailment. Or the opposite situation: 10 m deep and there are hordes of ruffs. Definitely need a big jig. But if it is equipped with a hook in proportion to the body size, there will be a lot of empty bites. But with the transition to smaller hook ruff will begin steadily to rise to the bait, despite the large, up to 5 mm, the jig (of course, provided that the ruff is active).
What determines the selection of the winter fishing rods and equipment
Some of the conditions depends on what selection of fishing rods for winter fishing with ice in the winter I have already mentioned and some probably not so obvious. So, the choice of tackle depends on the fish (size and species), the number of empty bites, depth, weather conditions, and, finally, the challenges faced by an angler. Let’s talk more about each of these aspects.
The size of the fish. Here everything seems to be simple and clear: big fish — thicker fishing line, the lure is bigger. But this is only if there is targeted fishing of large fish that I have, for example, happens very rarely.
Often the big fish is a “bonus” during the catch small or medium fish. And here it is necessary to find a compromise depending on how likely the bite of a “bonus”. In fact put too thick fishing line (read — a large jig) — you will not be able to properly implement main bite (small) fish. But “bonus” may not sail at all. In principle, if you have a particular skill and on a thin rope to bring the big fish — for example, on the line ø 0.06 mm I had to get bream on 1kg and perch on 0.5 kg. But, of course, extreme.
The species of fish. This factor sometimes plays a significant role. For example, a 300-gram plotwise or perch-“Gorbach” resist stronger than the bream of the same size. Polukilogrammovy of bream, but with great depth, you can even take to the thin line ø 0,05 mm. And with the “bonuses” of other types of the chances are minimal.
And another such moment. For roach and bream, especially if the fish are biting on the lowering or “the boner”, a quick shudder of the jig is not absolutely required. This means that there is no need to thin fishing line (i.e., in providing the clearest possible contact between a nod and a jig). For example, you can take a rod with a jig and 2.4 mm line ø 0.08 mm, and successfully catching roach from a depth of 5 m.
But for the bass often needs an active game, which can be achieved only when every movement of your hand is transmitted to the jig. So — the lure of 2.4 mm in combination with fishing line ø 0.08 mm is not suitable for this depth. You either get a thinner line with the same jig, or use a larger jig, if the bite allows. By the way, ignorance of this nuance took me at the very first world Cup in which I was involved it was in 2007. The competition took place in a shallow forest lake in the North-East of Poland, and the main fish in the catch was small roach.
In the first round I guessed the place where there was fish, and as it turned out, the holes drilled in the fish zone. Roach started to bite, “like a machine gun”. But I got used to the fact that we in Belarus with such depth bite perch, and certainly not in such a frantic pace. Caught a fishing line ø 0,06-0,07 mm and eventually confused with multiple fishing rods, and also got open in the jig in the working hole, and then she “died”.
If I now, after 8 years, in that situation, of course, would have caught on ø 0,08 – 0,09 mm, but then, because of the gear I nedolovili a few fish to the first place in the area and became the second. Which is also, of course, was a great result. However, in the second round I “flew”, but not because of gear but because of the fact that, once at the draw in maribou zone, tried to catch the roach with his usual “Okuneva” tactic — actively drifting and drilling, while it was necessary to calculate the fishing area and quietly to feeding. Anyway, we digress from the main topic.
The size of the jig and the implementation of the strikes. Empty poklevka can occur for many different reasons. For example, fish is not satisfied with two bloodworms on the hook — you need one, and not hanging, and a ring was fitted. Or today, it is preferable not large, and feed bloodworms. Or hook on the jig is too large. But most of all, the empty bites is a sure signal that it is necessary to put a smaller jig (hence, thinner line). Of course, if 10 sweeps has 2-3 blanks, and the remaining 7-8 effective, it is a good idea. But if empty takes half, you’ve got to do something.
Watch aquarium fish as they take food. They do not bite, do not dissolve to him with his mouth open, and tighten it with the flow of water. Also eat the inhabitants of natural waters. And if the food is not natural for its size resistance than the fish it can cause suspicion. Or so: if a lot of fish and it is active in the pack hype, who was the first to satisfy your hunger, then can “ride” and heavy jig. But when the fish are “comatose”, the chance to catch it on a heavy jig tend to zero.
And yet it happens. Come to zakormlen the hole, down a relatively coarse tackle — catch more active fish, and that’s it. Cut her down more delicate — and, lo and behold! — get some more fish, which you’d think were not here…
Large jig, as you know, good in terms of ease of lowering. But there is also an opinion that the fish hears it, the vibrations from long distances and therefore faster approaches the hole. In my opinion, this is not essential. But if fishing is using bait, and certainly no matter – the fish and so comes to the point. With bass is that the first 2-3 fish at a new hole have to “grind”, and then the bite is on the rise – the fish can hear the fuss at the point in the pack there is hype, and perch are starting to take that fly.
Depth. The more water, the greater the area of contact between it and line. And the thinner fishing line, so this area is smaller, and the less friction is created.
For example, we were on the lake, evenly populated perch with an average weight of 40-60 g. and bite it on the jig with a size of 2.4 mm (2.6 to 2.8 mm is a lot of empty bites). We’re starting to catch from a depth of 1 m. Here you can use the line ø 0,10 mm. Is good for ease of playing. As is known, the less depth, the less dampening the fishing line and the higher the risk of breakage.
Go to the depth of 2.5-3 m. Here the jig has refused to play on the line ø 0.10 mm. And ø 0,07 mm is working as it should (see that nod does not slow down). Go to the depth of 6 m. There is even ø 0,07 mm too thick, the jig sink for a long time and doesn’t want to play. Of course, if you work in more shallow wells, it is reasonable for them to return. And if not? Then the only one way out: to catch a fishing line ø 0,05-0,06 mm. you Can still try to raise the perch in the water column or even under the hole, continuously thrown in the hole pinches small moth. This trick sometimes works, for example, on lake Michurinsky Prospekt, near St. Petersburg, where every winter takes place the Cup of Baltic.
There is another method, which, however, is banned in sports jig, however, nothing prevents to use it on the Amateur fishing. The point is, two feet above the jig on the fishing line is clamped one or more small lead “pellets”. Thus, we can quickly deliver on depth small jig that the fish will bite more confidently. For perch this snap-in is not particularly relevant, but for white fish when bites are on the smooth lowering, works just fine!
Other factors. Sometimes when the wind is strong you have to use heavier jigs (even sacrificing the implementation of bites), because otherwise the dive is impossible to identify the wind so ruffled the nod, anything at all is unclear. But the line diameter in this case I would not advise to increase. Of course, thick lines less confused, but she parasit stronger. And then eaten the effects of increasing the weight of the jig.
The choice of gear is also to some extent depends on why we come fishing. If you just want to relax, maybe, and it makes no sense to get involved superfine fishing line and small jigs. May we catch something whimsical fish — sometimes it’s not the most important. If interesting maximum results, you should use the above tips to catch a harmonic gear.