The lifestyle of the carp — biology
Another 2.5 centuries ago in China and then the Japanese learned how to breed this “harvest” fish, not the gift of translation of the name means “fruit”.For hundreds of years people do catch carp, to enjoy fishing and to enjoy this wonderful fish.
Characteristics and habitat of the carp
The carp are river fish. This inhabitant of lakes and ponds. His ancestor is the river carp.
But the offspring has surpassed the progenitor in many respects: vitality, stamina, fertility.Freshwater carp can be considered a beautiful fish for large scales and red tail fins.
The back common scaly carp marshy dark, the belly is much lighter. The fins are grey.Modern fish farming allows us to vary the color scheme a classic representative and to achieve truly outstanding results.
The body structure of different types: gorbatyi forms inherent in pond carp like carp, dense and short.Elongated and cylindrical body peculiar river inhabitants. Carp all feature four barbels on the edges of the lips are yellowish, short and thick.
Impressive dimensions of all relatives: young yearling specimens a length of about 20 cm, and adults can grow up to 1 m and even more.
The maximum weight of a carp, the giant was more than 37 kg. It was a world record set in Romania in 1997. Normal instances that are sent to the trading departments, on average, weigh from 1 to 8 kg.
The ancient Chinese learned how to breed carp and made it popular in the Asian region.He gradually conquered Europe, and in the 19th century came to America. Fecundity and survivability of the fish contributed to its wide dissemination.
Principal carps of different colour scales and the presence of the scaly cover.
- Modern selections helped to create more than 80 decorative subspecies. Thus, in a large family, you can highlight the Golden carp, with dense and large yellow-green scales. Body large, elongate, with a high back, armed serrated “saws” on the swimmerets;
- mirror carp, or king. It is easily identified by the rare scales, located at the center line of the body and sometimes scattered Islands on the other part. On the side-lines placed holes with nerve cells, through which the fish learns information about the environment. On the fins rays is less than that of congeners, and the weight of this kind can score the most in comparison with others.
- naked carp (leathery), it is removed by artificial means. Features a distinctive greenish tinge;
- koi, ornamental carp. Divorced from the 14th century in Japan and was marked by the first red, black and yellow color, and later obtained kinds of unusual and fanciful colors: white carp, striped, patterned on the back with the other species. Breeding koi is evaluated not only by location and form bright spots, but the quality of the skin, structure of the body, head and their proportions.
Fish of the carp family relate to the unpretentious inhabitants, to live even in polluted waters.
Loves standing, quiet or moderately flowing water, so it lives in small rivers, lakes and ponds. Vitality manifests itself when the environment is changed.
Prefers warm, but scaly carp produce even in the cold waters of Siberia. Recorded his forced presence in the salted water after a dam, closing the access to the sea.Mostly fish carp in Central and southern Russia, Germany, France, Czech Republic, Australia, America.
Favorite places the fish in reservoirs with hard clay bottom, covered with a thin silty layer.Underwater snags, thickets and reeds is carp dwelling and fodder base at the same time near 300 m.
After deforestation, the flooding of the plots are formed by mountains of decaying branches and logs. Such places carp must examine for habitation.
Held mainly at depths up to 5 m. There is preferences mirror carp, which do not fall into the deep, are kept in shallow water and need to be aerated waters.
The character and the lifestyle of the carp
The fish carp is a schooling species. Small species in large numbers are kept together and the largest ones can live in isolation, in solitude and quiet, but close relatives.
Only the coming of a cold cause them to unite to search for suitable wintering grounds.Arranged to wait out the winter in a drowsy state to a depth of 10 m, in the bottom pits.If there are no suitable recesses, the fish gets into the most zakoryazhennyh places. A thick layer of mucus serves as their protection.