What types of carp are they?
Carp are the most popular fish in the fishing sport. The uniqueness of carp is it hard phishing, cunning, voracity. Homeland carp in the Caspian sea basin. According to the legend spread throughout Europe by the Romans. All Karpov inherent qualities such as endurance, strength and the ability to adapt to different environmental conditions.
Carp, actually, warm-water fish, however, he feels fine and eats in the range of 10°C and above. Optimal for carp of about 25°C. Karp comes in 5 main varieties: wild (carp), scaled mirror, linear and bare.
Wild carp or carp
Carp differs from its congeners by the narrow sides and lack of “bump” at the top of the head. Despite the fact that the carp was distributed quite widely in the past, today, present wild Carp to detect, not so easy, they survived in sufficient quantity except that in the Caspian sea basin.
Scaly or common carp
Scaly carp — the closest relative of a carp. The main difference between scaly carp from his ancestor — a genetic trait that is responsible for the growth and weight of the fish.
Compared to other subspecies of carp, scaly carp grows much faster. All other types are derived from common carp, evidence of the fact that it is scaly carp lives longer, is stronger and has no disadvantages in comparison with other types.
Mirror carp is the first mutation of common carp, created by man. The appearance of this koi is associated with two alternative forms of genes that affect a very wide set of features. The mirror carp has a smaller number of rays in all fins, compared to the common carp or carp-carp.
Mirror carp, like all other species, has a set of genes involved in growth, color scales, etc., this has led to considerable confusion in the definition of breeds and species. And it is also known that mirror carp is gaining the most weight in comparison with scaly, glabrous and linear types. All for the same genetic reasons.
Naked (leathery) carp
Naked (leathery) carp
If you look closely at the image of a naked carp, you will see a number of scales. Naked carp may have some flakes, but the crucial difference is either in the complete absence of dorsal rows of scales, or, in his stutter. And from the head to the beginning of the dorsal fin scales missing.
The rate of growth of naked carp compared with scaled and mirrored far below that determined by far fewer blood cells. And accordingly, this means that this type needs water with a high content of oxygen.
Naked carp is not as strong as his brothers in appearance, it has less spinal vertebrae and may vary, by deformation of the fins.
Linear carp has a single row of scales along the lateral line. Any change to this immediately defines carp in a different genetic category. The same as the naked carp, linear carp has a limited growth potential. Both of these species grow slower than SLR and scaly.
Another characteristic is linear and the naked carp is pretty intense fat metabolism. They quickly accumulate fat in the summer, and in winter it actively consume.
Pharyngeal teeth bare and linear carp two rows, while the other types of three.